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Neurological Sciences

, Volume 39, Supplement 1, pp 111–113 | Cite as

Mindfulness meditation for chronic migraine in pediatric population: a pilot study

  • Emanuela Sansone
  • Alberto Raggi
  • Eleonora Grignani
  • Matilde Leonardi
  • Domenico D’Amico
  • Chiara Scaratti
  • Licia GrazziEmail author
PEDIATRIC HEADACHE

Chronic migraine (CM) is a highly disabling condition characterized by at least 15 days with headache per month and is often associated with overuse of symptomatic drugs and it impairs patients’ emotional, social, and work/school functioning. Among adults, CM prevalence is around 1–4%, and among adolescents, it is around 2%. CM is characterized by changes in the structures involved in pain-related circuits with increased sensitivity to painful (hyperalgesia) and to non-painful stimuli (allodynia). Specific biomarkers in pediatric patients with migraine have been evaluated. The study showed a reduction in IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α levels, and in clinical indexes related to headache: frequency, intensity, duration, and disability in patients treated with pharmacological prophylaxis [1]. However, no studies that have shown any effect on biological markers induced by non-pharmacological approaches. There are many pharmacological prophylactic therapies, but these are effective in 30–50% of cases:...

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

All procedures were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments. Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

References

  1. 1.
    Hirfanoglu T, Serdaroglu A, Gulbahar O, Cansu A (2009) Prophylactic drugs and cytokine and leptin levels in children with migraine. Pediatr Neurol 41:281–287CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Simkin DR, Black NB (2014) Meditation and mindfulness in clinical practice. Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am 23:487–534CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Hesse T, Holmes LG, Kennedy-Overfelt V et al (2015) Mindfulness-based intervention for adolescents with recurrent headaches: a pilot feasibility study. Altern Ther Health Med 2015:508958Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia S.r.l., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Emanuela Sansone
    • 1
  • Alberto Raggi
    • 2
  • Eleonora Grignani
    • 2
  • Matilde Leonardi
    • 2
  • Domenico D’Amico
    • 1
  • Chiara Scaratti
    • 2
  • Licia Grazzi
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Headache and Neuroalgology UnitNeurological Institute “C. Besta” IRCCS FoundationMilanItaly
  2. 2.Neurology, Public Health and Disability UnitNeurological Institute “C. Besta” IRCCS FoundationMilanItaly

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