The epidemiology of Parkinson’s disease in the Italian region Friuli Venezia Giulia: a population-based study with administrative data
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Parkinson’s disease is known to pose a relevant burden to society in industrialized countries. However, not much research has been conducted on the epidemiology of this disease in Italy. Our aim was to estimate the incidence rate and prevalence of Parkinson’s disease in the Italian Friuli Venezia Giulia region using administrative health-related databases. Five regional administrative databases (hospitalizations, exemptions from medical charges, drug prescriptions, nursing homes, and home visits) were individually linked with one another through an anonymous stochastic univocal key. Using a pre-defined algorithm, incident and prevalent cases of Parkinson’s disease were identified for the year 2016. The estimated regional incidence rate was 0.28 new cases/1000 person-years; prevalence was 3.89/1000 inhabitants. Both increased with increasing age and were higher among males than among females. A considerable proportion of prevalent cases was admitted to the hospital or nursing home in 2016, whereas only a few received home visits by health professionals. The incidence and prevalence of the disease were considerable, especially in the older population, indicating the need to develop multidisciplinary models to care for patients living in the region.
KeywordsParkinson’s disease Administrative data Incidence Prevalence Italy
Compliance with ethical standards
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
Since this analysis was based on anonymous administrative data, patients’ informed consent and Ethical Committee approval were not required in Italy.
Conflicts of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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