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Health-related quality of life and ways of coping with stress in patients with migraine

Abstract

The aim of our study was to examine the relationship between the mode of coping and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with migraine. We have also tried to examine the relationship of disease duration and the frequency of attacks with HRQoL and the ways of coping with stress. The research was done on a sample consisting of 106 participants (95 women and 11 men); mean age of 40 years (IQR 28–48) with the migraine lasting for 10 years (IRQ 5–20 years). The average number of attacks, over the last month, was two attacks (IRQ 1–3 attacks). Ways of coping questionnaire were used to estimate the mode of coping with stress and SF-36 questionnaire for HRQoL. The result showed the self-control as the most common way of coping with stress in patients with migraine. They also confirmed the existence of a significant connection of ways of coping with stress and HRQoL in people with migraine. There is a larger number of significant correlations of ways of coping connected with the domains of mental health than with the physical health. Escape/avoidance is significantly negatively correlated with the largest number of HRQoL domains, especially with existence of significant mental health (ρ = −0.447) and role limitation due to the emotional problems (ρ = −0.361). The number of migraine attacks has greater influence on HRQoL in patients with migraine than the disease duration. Our study showed the existence of significant correlations between the ways of coping with stress and HRQoL, especially with mental domains. In some domains, the correlation was even stronger than the one showing the disease duration and the number of attacks. The above-mentioned results suggest the directions in further formulation of psychological interventions that would be helpful for the additional treatment of migraine.

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Correspondence to Mirjana Vladetić.

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Vladetić, M., Jančuljak, D., Butković Soldo, S. et al. Health-related quality of life and ways of coping with stress in patients with migraine. Neurol Sci 38, 295–301 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10072-016-2759-7

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10072-016-2759-7

Keywords

  • Migraine
  • Health-related quality of life
  • Stress
  • Ways of coping