Neurological Sciences

, Volume 38, Issue 4, pp 703–706 | Cite as

Anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor encephalitis associated with intracranial Angiostrongylus cantonensis infection: a case report

  • Yu Peng
  • Xiaojia Liu
  • Suyue Pan
  • Zuoshan Xie
  • Honghao WangEmail author
Quiz Cases


Anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor encephalitis is a recently described paraneoplastic syndrome with prominent neuropsychiatric symptoms. Many of these cases are associated with neoplasma especially teratoma. In addition, a few of cases with anti-NMDAR antibodies triggered by viral infection have been reported, but never by parasitic infection. Here, we report a novel case of NMDA receptor encephalitis in a 51-year-old male related to the development of anti-NMDAR antibodies triggered by Angiostrongylus cantonensis infection.


NMDA receptor encephalitis Angiostrongylus cantonensis Parasite 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest



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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yu Peng
    • 1
  • Xiaojia Liu
    • 1
  • Suyue Pan
    • 1
  • Zuoshan Xie
    • 1
  • Honghao Wang
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Neurology, Nanfang HospitalSouthern Medical UniversityGuangzhouChina

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