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Reading beyond the glance: eye tracking in neurosciences

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From an interdisciplinary approach, the neurosciences (NSs) represent the junction of many fields (biology, chemistry, medicine, computer science, and psychology) and aim to explore the structural and functional aspects of the nervous system. Among modern neurophysiological methods that “measure” different processes of the human brain to salience stimuli, a special place belongs to eye tracking (ET). By detecting eye position, gaze direction, sequence of eye movement and visual adaptation during cognitive activities, ET is an effective tool for experimental psychology and neurological research. It provides a quantitative and qualitative analysis of the gaze, which is very useful in understanding choice behavior and perceptual decision making. In the high tech era, ET has several applications related to the interaction between humans and computers. Herein, ET is used to evaluate the spatial orienting of attention, the performance in visual tasks, the reactions to information on websites, the customer response to advertising, and the emotional and cognitive impact of various spurs to the brain.

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Anterior cingulate cortex


Area of interest


Assistive technology


Brain—computer interface


Dorsolateral prefrontal cortex




Eye tracking


Functional magnetic resonance imaging


Human—computer interaction




Medial orbitofrontal cortex


Medial prefrontal cortex






Orbitofrontal cortex


Prefrontal cortex


Posterior parietal cortex


Search engine result page


Smooth pursuit eye movements


Transcranial magnetic stimulation


Ventromedial prefrontal cortex


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Correspondence to Dafin F. Mureşanu.

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Popa, L., Selejan, O., Scott, A. et al. Reading beyond the glance: eye tracking in neurosciences. Neurol Sci 36, 683–688 (2015).

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