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Migraine and the menopausal transition


The menopausal transition or “perimenopause” represents a time period of turbulent changes in ovarian hormones as middle-aged women progress into menopause. The purpose of this article is to review the literature to determine the effect of the menopausal transition on migraine headaches and to develop a rational treatment approach to these patients. The menopausal transition is divided into early and stages based upon patterns of menstruation and specific reproductive hormones. Studies would suggest that the prevalence of migraine and other climacteric symptoms tend to peak during the late menopausal transition particularly in those with a past history of premenstrual stress disorder. Treatment approaches vary by stage of the menopausal transition and include conventional daily preventatives, mini-prophylaxis and hormonal therapies.

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Correspondence to Vincent T. Martin.

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Martin, V.T. Migraine and the menopausal transition. Neurol Sci 35, 65–69 (2014).

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  • Migraine
  • Menopausal transition
  • Perimenopause
  • Menopause