A longitudinal evaluation of changes in disability and quality of life in a sample of women with migraine
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Migraine’s high prevalence, which rises up to 25% among women in the productive age, determines a strong reduction in health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and increased disability. Aim of this study is to longitudinally describe disability and HRQoL in a sample of adult women with migraine attending to a specialty centre. HRQoL was measured with the SF-36 and disability with the WHO-DAS II. One-sample t test was used to assess deterioration in disability and HRQoL scales compared to normative scores; effect size was calculated to describe magnitude of change after 3 months. Majority of scales were significantly deteriorated, and changes between baseline and follow-up were negligible to small for most of SF-36 scales, and small to moderate for WHO-DAS II scales. In conclusion, women with migraine showed pervasive deterioration in disability and HRQoL. Wider improvements were observed at follow-up for activities in which relational skills are relevant, while those with a physical component, or that are predominantly performed autonomously, remained almost unchanged.
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