Clinical neurolinguistics still lacks consolidated and standardised tools for the assessment of impairments of pragmatics of verbal communication. In the present paper we present norms of the Italian version of the Right Hemisphere Language Battery (Batteria del Linguaggio dell’Emisfero Destro, BaLED)  originally devised by Bryan . The normative study has been conducted with the recruitment of 440 healthy subjects. The battery of tests was not intended to be cognitively oriented, by providing evidence of the cognitive impairments underpinning verbal pragmatic deficits; on the contrary, it permits the detection of the presence/absence of impairments in processing the main pragmatic features of verbal communication traditionally associated with right hemisphere lesions. Thus, apart from being a clinical tool for diagnosing pragmatic impairments of verbal communication, the BaLED represents a useful initial battery of tests for clinical assessment and for selecting specific populations of neurological patients suitable for investigation in further experimental studies.
This is a preview of subscription content,to check access.
Access this article
Similar content being viewed by others
The work was conducted at the Neurological Clinic of the University of Udine and at the Department of Physiology and Pathology of the University of Trieste
About this article
Cite this article
Zanini, S., Bryan, K., De Luca, G. et al. Italian Right Hemisphere Language Battery: the normative study. Neurol Sci 26, 13–25 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10072-005-0377-x