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Effect of different cooking method on vitamin E and K content and true retention of legumes and vegetables commonly consumed in Korea

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Abstract

This study investigated the effect of cooking method on the content and true retention of vitamin E and K in legumes and vegetables, which are commonly consumed in Korea. Among eight isomers of vitamin E, α- and γ-tocopherol were detected at 0.44–1.03 and 2.05–2.11 mg/100 g, respectively, in legumes including chick pea, kidney bean, lentil, pea, and sword bean and they were decreased after boiling. Phylloquinone (vitamin K1) was present at a range of 31.33 to 91.34 μg/100 g in legumes and true retention was reduced after boiling. In 21 kinds of vegetables, α-tocopherol and phylloquinone were present at 0.14–1.85 mg/100 g and 34.55–510.83 μg/100 g, respectively. α-Tocopherol and phylloquinone increased in most vegetables after cooking via blanching, boiling, steaming, and grilling. This study revealed that cooking changed vitamin E and K contents of legumes and vegetables and the changes were dependent on the type of food and cooking method.

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Acknowledgements

This study was supported by the Korea Rural Development Administration (Grant No. PJ014537).

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Funding was supported by Korea Rural Development Administration (Grant No. PJ014537).

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Correspondence to Hyun Jung Kim.

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Kim, H.J., Shin, J., Kang, Y. et al. Effect of different cooking method on vitamin E and K content and true retention of legumes and vegetables commonly consumed in Korea. Food Sci Biotechnol 32, 647–658 (2023). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10068-022-01206-9

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