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Characteristics for phage-encoded cell wall hydrolase of LysSAP27 to reduce staphylococcal food poisoning


To reduce staphylococcal food poisoning (SFP), a phage-encoded cell wall hydrolase called endolysin has emerged as an attractive antibacterial agent. In this study, the Staphylococcus aureus infecting phage vB_SauS-SAP27 (ϕSAP27) was isolated from sewage and characterized morphologically and genetically. ϕSAP27 was identified as Siphoviridae temperate phage, with a genome of 43 kbp. A ϕSAP27 endolysin named LysSAP27 was produced recombinantly in Escherichia coli. LysSAP27 exhibited the highest activity at neutral pH and a temperature of 30 °C, and its lytic activity was upregulated by calcium ions. Following optimization of the enzymatic conditions, LysSAP27 was applied to S. aureus-contaminated milk. Treatment with 2 μM LysSAP27 led to a significant bactericidal effect, corresponding to a reduction in bacterial titer by 2.8 log CFU/mL within 1 h and 3.4 log CFU/mL within 2 h. Therefore, LysSAP27 could be used as an effective antimicrobial agent to prevent SFP in food.

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This research was supported by the Korea Institute of Planning and Evolution for Biotechnology of Food, Agriculture, Forestry, and Fisheries (117060033HD020) and the Gachon University research fund of 2020 (GCU-202004510001).

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Correspondence to Jong-Hyun Park.

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Park, Dw., Lee, YD. & Park, JH. Characteristics for phage-encoded cell wall hydrolase of LysSAP27 to reduce staphylococcal food poisoning. Food Sci Biotechnol 30, 745–753 (2021).

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  • Bacteriophage
  • Endolysin
  • Staphylococcus aureus
  • Food Poisoning