Rutin and chitosan could be utilized in the food industry owing to their antioxidant and antibacterial properties. This study was carried out to fabricate novel films using polycaprolactone (PCL-sole), PCL and chitosan (PCL-CS), PCL and rutin (PCL-R), and PCL, chitosan, and rutin (PCL-CS-R) through electros pinning method. Physical properties, in vitro antibacterial and antioxidant properties of the films, and their antibacterial activity on rainbow trout were further investigated. The PCL-CS, PCL-R, and PCL-CS-R had smaller fiber diameter and film thickness and lower viscosity while they showed higher surface tension, water contact angle, and conductivity and better antibacterial and antioxidant properties compared with PCL-sole film (P < 0.05). The PCL-CS-R film respectively decreased 17.45%, 19.27%, and 18.39% more populations of L. monocytogenes, S. aureus, and E. coli compared to PCL-sole film in the fish samples. Therefore, the PCL-CS-R film can be potentially used in active packaging because of its antioxidant and antibacterial activities.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Agustin-Salazar S, Medina-Juarez LA, Soto-Valdez H, Manzanares- Lopez F, Gamez-Meza N. Influence of the solvent system on the composition of phenolic substances and antioxidant capacity of extracts of grape (Vitis vinifera L.). Australian Journal of Grape and Wine Research 20: 208-13 (2014)
Almutairi MM, Alanazi WA, Alshammari MA, Alotaibi MR, Alhoshani AR, Al-Rejaie SS. Neuro-protective effect of rutin against Cisplatin-induced neurotoxic rat model. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 17: 472 (2017)
Araruna MK, Brito SA, Morais-Braga MF, Santos KK, Souza TM, Leite TR, Costa JG, Coutinho HD. Evaluation of antibiotic & antibiotic modifying activity of pilocarpine & rutin. Indian Journal of Medical Research 135: 252-254 (2012)
Aydogdu A, Yildiz E, Ayhan Z, Aydogdu Y, Sumnu G, Sahin S. Nanostructured poly(lactic acid)/soy protein/HPMC films by electrospinning for potential applications in food industry. European Polymer Journal 112: 477-486 (2019)
Azadbakht E, Maghsoudlou Y, Khomiri M, Kashiri M. Development and structural characterization of chitosan films containing Eucalyptus globulus essential oil: Potential as an antimicrobial carrier for packaging of sliced sausage. Food Packaging and Shelf Life 17: 65-72 (2018)
Bernard FX, Sable S, Cameron B, Provost J, Desnottes JF, Crouzet JF, Blanche F. Glycosylated flavones as selective inhibitors of topoisomerase IV. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 41: 992-998 (1997)
Duan C, Meng X, Meng J, Khan IH, Dai L, Khan A, An X, Zhang J, Huq T, Ni Y. Chitosan as a preservative for fruits and vegetables: a review on chemistry and antimicrobial properties. Journal of Bioresources and Bioproducts 4: 11-21 (2019)
Dutta PK, Tripathi S, Mehrotra GK, Dutta J. Perspectives for chitosan based antimicrobial films in food applications. Food Chemistry 114: 1173-1182 (2009)
Fabra MJ., López-Rubio A, Lagaron JM. Use of the electrohydrodynamic process to develop active/bioactive bilayer films for food packaging applications. Food Hydrocolloids 55: 11-18 (2016)
Figueroa-Lopez K, Castro-Mayorga J, Andrade-Mahecha M, Cabedo L, Lagaron J. Antibacterial and barrier properties of gelatin coated by electrospun polycaprolactone ultrathin fibers containing black pepper oleoresin of interest in active food biopackaging applications. Nanomaterials 8: 199-208 (2018)
Ganeshpurkar A, Saluja AK. The pharmacological potential of rutin. Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal 23: 14-21 (2016)
He L, Lan W, Ahmed S, Qin W, Liu Y. Electrospun polyvinyl alcohol film containing pomegranate peel extract and sodium dehydroacetate for use as food packaging. Food Packaging and Shelf Life 22: 100390 (2019)
Huang T, Qian Y, Wei J, Zhou C. Polymeric antimicrobial food packaging and its applications. Polymers 11: 560 (2019)
Jaramillo CM, González Seligra P, Goyanes S, Bernal C, Famá L. Biofilms based on cassava starch containing extract of yerba mate as antioxidant and plasticizer. Starch-Starke 67: 780-789 (2015)
Jin S, Sun T, Fan Y, Wang L, Zhu M, Yang J, Jiang W. Synthesis of freestanding PEDOT:PSS/PVA@Ag NPs nanofiber film for high-performance flexible moelectric generator. Polymers 167: 102-108 (2019)
Joerger RD. Antimicrobial films for food applications: A quantitative analysis of their effectiveness. Packaging Technology and Science 20: 231-273 (2007)
Li W, Shi L, Zhang X, Liu K, Ullah I, Cheng P. Electrospinning of polycaprolactone nanofibers using H2O as benign additive in polycaprolactone/glacial acetic solution. Journal of Applied Polymer Science 143: 45578 (2017)
Narasagoudr SS, Hegde VG, Vanjeri VN, Chougale RB, Masti SP. Ethyl vanillin incorporated chitosan/poly (vinyl alcohol) active films for food packaging applications. Carbohydrate Polymers 116049 (2020)
Neo YP, Ray S, Jin J, Gizdavic-Nikolaidis M, Nieuwoudt MK, Liu D, Quek SY. Encapsulation of food grade antioxidant in natural biopolymer by electrospinning technique: A physicochemical study based on zein–gallic acid system. Food Chemistry 136: 1013-1021 (2012)
Prabhakaran MP, Venugopal JR, Chyan TT, Hai LB, Chan CK, Lim AY. Electrospun biocomposite nanofibrous scaffolds for neural tissue engineering. Tissue Engineering Part A 14: 1787-1797 (2008)
Quintavalla S, Vicini L. Antimicrobial food packaging in meat industry. Meat Science 62: 373-380 (2002)
Rezaei M, Hosseini S. Quality assessment of farmed rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) during chilled storage. Journal of Food Science 73: H93-H96 (2008)
Rivero S, Garcia M, Pinotti A. Crosslinking capacity of tannic acid in plasticized chitosan films. Carbohydrate Polymers 82: 270-276 (2010)
Rostami H, Kazemi M, Shafiei S. Antibacterial activity of Lavandula officinalis and Melissa officinalis against some human pathogenic bacteria. Asian Journal of Biochemistry 7: 133-142 (2012)
Salevi´c A, Prieto C, Cabedo L, Nedovi´c V, Lagaron JM. Physicochemical, antioxidant and antimicrobial properties of electrospun poly("-caprolactone) films containing a solid dispersion of sage (Salvia officinalis L.) extract. Nanomaterials 9: 270 (2019)
Shahbazi Y. Antibacterial and antioxidant properties of methanolic extracts of apple (Malus pumila), grape (Vitis vinifera), pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) and common Fig (Ficus carica L.) fruits. Pharmaceutical Sciences 23: 308–315 (2017)
Stoica P, Chifiriuc MC, Râpă M, Bleotu C, Lungu L, Vlad G, Grigore R, Bertesteanu S, Stavropoulou E, Lazăr V. Fabrication, characterization and bioevaluation of novel antimicrobial composites based on polycaprolactone, chitosan and essential oils. Romanian Biotechnological Letters 20: 10521-10535 (2013)
Tabatabaei Moradi L, Sharifan A, Larijani K. The effect of multilayered chitosan–pectin–Mentha piperita and lemon essential oil on oxidation effects and quality of rainbow trout fillet (Oncorhynchus mykiss) during refrigeration at 4±1˚C storage. Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences 19: 2544-2559 (2020)
Tampau A, Gonzalez-Martinez C, Chiralt A. Carvacrol encapsulation in starch or PCL based matrices by electrospinning. Journal of Food Engineering 214: 245-256 (2017)
Tampau A, González-Martínez C, Chiralt A. Release kinetics and antimicrobial properties of carvacrol encapsulated in electrospun poly-("-caprolactone) nanofibres: Application in starch multilayer films. Food Hydrocolloids 79: 158-169 (2018)
Van der Schueren L, De Meyer T, Steyaert I, Ceylan O, Hemelsoet K, Van Speybroeck V, De Clerck K. Polycaprolactone and polycaprolactone/chitosan nanofibres functionalised with the pH-sensitive dye Nitrazine Yellow. Carbohydrate Polymers 91:284-293 (2013)
Vogler EA. Structure and reactivity of water at biomaterial surfaces. Advances in Colloid and Interface Science 74: 69-117 (1998)
Woodruff MA, Hutmacher DW. The return of a forgotten polymer-Polycaprolactone in the 21st century. Progress in Polymer Science 35: 1217-1256 (2010)
Yen MT, Yang JH, Mau JL. Antioxidant properties of chitosan from crab shells. Carbohydrate Polymers 74: 840-844 (2008)
This work was supported by Razi University.
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
About this article
Cite this article
Piri, H., Moradi, S. & Amiri, R. The fabrication of a novel film based on polycaprolactone incorporated with chitosan and rutin: potential as an antibacterial carrier for rainbow trout packaging. Food Sci Biotechnol 30, 683–690 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10068-021-00898-9
- Antibacterial property
- Rainbow trout
- Physical property