Exopolysaccharide producing starter cultures enable manufacturing “clean labeled” foods with improved textural and nutritional properties. The structural and technological analyses were performed on the ropy exopolysaccharides of six Lactobacillus plantarum. The incubation temperature, time and pH affected the exopolysaccharide production and high exopolysaccharide was produced in the presence of sucrose and maltose. The viscosity of exopolysaccharide was high at acidic conditions except PFC311E that showed viscous at neutral pH. Lactobacillus plantarum strains produced between 120 and 400 mg/L exopolysaccharide in which the highest was observed at L. plantarum PFC311. Exoploysaccharides were degraded over 300 °C except PFC311E that degraded at 295.7 °C. The NMR analyses revealed that the exopolysaccharides were synthesized by α1-6, α1-3 and α1-4 bonds with glucose, galactose and fructose moieties. In conclusion, L. plantarum PFC311 produced ropy exopolysaccharide with different structural, rheological and thermal properties and reveals potential to be used in food industry.
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The Scientific and Technogical Research Council of Turkey (TÜBİTAK) supported this study with the Project number 1160525. We also thank to Prof. Dr. Nazım Usta for giving opportunities to do the thermal analysis of EPSs and also interpreting the results.
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Zehir Şentürk, D., Dertli, E., Erten, H. et al. Structural and technological characterization of ropy exopolysaccharides produced by Lactobacillus plantarum strains isolated from Tarhana. Food Sci Biotechnol 29, 121–129 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10068-019-00641-5
- Lactobacillus plantarum