Enhanced biosurfactant production with low-quality date syrup by Lactobacillus rhamnosus using a fed-batch fermentation
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Novel strategies toward the use of low-cost media to produce food-grade microbial products have been considerably attended in recent years. In this study, date syrup obtained from low-quality date fruits was implemented for biosurfactant production by the probiotic bacterium, Lactobacillus rhamnosus PTCC 1637. The most level of biosurfactant was achieved through fermentation in a bioreactor with a lactose feeding phase, up to 24 h. Critical micelle concentration of the cell-bound biosurfactant was found to be 6.0 mg/ml with a minimum surface tension value of 39.00 mN/m and a maximum emulsifying index of 42%. The spectrum of Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy taken from the cell-bound biosurfactant suggests that it should be a multi-component mixture of protein and polysaccharides associated with phosphate groups. The results indicated the potential for developing strategies toward the low-cost production of food-grade biomaterials by probiotic microorganisms.
KeywordsBiosurfactant Date syrup Fed-batch fermentation Lactic acid bacteria
This work was supported by Shiraz University Grant No. GR-56 (Shiraz, Iran).
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