Skip to main content

Effect of calcium chloride in combination with salicylic acid on post-harvest freshness of apples

Abstract

The effects of calcium chloride (CaCl2) and salicylic acid (SA) alone and in combination against post-harvest anthracnose rot on apples caused by Colletotrichum gloeosporioides were investigated, and influences on several quality and disease resistance related parameters were evaluated. Dipping in a solution of 5% CaCl2+5 mM SA for 10 min was the most effective approach to inhibit C. gloeosporioides both in vitro and in vivo. A combined CaCl2 and SA treatment had the best efficacy for mitigation of the decline of total soluble solid content, titratable acidity, and firmness. Quality preservation plays an important role in apple post-harvest freshness. CaCl2 in combination with SA demonstrated the strongest effect for induction of disease resistance and maintenance of postharvest freshness of apples.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. 1.

    Dong X, Rao J, Huber D, Chang X, Xin F. Wax composition of ‘Red Fuji’ apple fruit during development and during storage after 1-methylcyclopropene treatment. Hort. Environ. Biotechnol. 4: 288–297 (2012)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Sun F, Zhang P, Guo M, Yu W, Chen K. Burdock fructooligosaccharide induces fungal resistance in post-harvest Kyoho grapes by activating the salicylic acid-dependent pathway and inhibiting browning. Food Chem. 138: 539–546, (2013)

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Shao X, Tu K, Tu S, Su J, Zhao Y. Effects of heat treatment on wound healing in gala and Red fuji apple fruits. J. Agr. Food Chem. 58: 4303–4309, (2010)

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Lu H, Lu L, Zeng L, Fu D, Xiang H, Yu T, Zheng X. Effect of chitin on the antagonistic activity of Rhodosporidium paludigenum against Penicillium expansum in apple fruit. Postharvest Biol. Tec. 92: 9–15, (2014)

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    Tang Y, Kuang J, Wang F, Chen L, Hong K, Xiao Y, Xie H, Lu W, Chen J. Molecular characterization of PR and WRKY genes during SA-and MeJA-induced resistance against Colletotrichum musae in banana fruit. Postharvest Biol. Tec. 79: 62–68, (2013)

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    Trentham WR, Sams CE, Conway WS. Histological effects of calcium chloride in stored apples. J. Am. Soc. Hortic. Sci. 133: 487–491 (2008)

    Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    Ortiz A, Graell J, Lara I. Cell wall-modifying enzymes and firmness loss in ripening ‘Golden Reinders’ apples: A comparison between calcium dips and ULO storage. Food Chem. 128: 1072–1079, (2011)

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    Holb IJ, Balla B, Vámos A, Gáll JM. Influence of preharvest calcium applications, fruit injury, and storage atmospheres on postharvest brown rot of apple. Postharvest Biol. Tec. 67: 29–36, (2012)

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    Dokhanieh AY, Aghdam MS, Fard JR, Hassanpour H. Post-harvest salicylic acid treatment enhances antioxidant potential of cornelian cherry fruit. Sci. Hortic.-Amsterdam 154: 31–36, (2013)

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    Grellet-Bournonville CF, Martinez-Zamora MG, Castagnaro AP, Díaz-Ricci JC. Temporal accumulation of salicylic acid activates the defense response against Colletotrichum in strawberry. Plant Physiol. Bioch. 54: 10–16, (2012)

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    Hammerschmidt R. Inducing resistance in different ways. Physiol. Mol. Plant P. 82: 3–4, (2013)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    Liu F, Tu K, Shao X, Zhao Y, Tu S, Su J, Hou Y, Zou X. Effect of hot air treatment in combination with Pichia guilliermondii on post-harvest anthracnose rot of loquat fruit. Postharvest Biol. Tec. 58: 65–71, (2010)

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    Zhang H, Ma L, Wang L, Jiang S, Dong Y, Zheng X. Biocontrol of gray mold decay in peach fruit by integration of antagonistic yeast with salicylic acid and their effects on post-harvest quality parameters. Biol. Control 47: 60–65, (2008)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    Özden Ç, Bayindirli L. Effects of combinational use of controlled atmosphere, cold storage and edible coating applications on shelf life and quality attributes of green peppers. Eur. Food Res. Technol. 214: 320–326, (2002)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    Kochba J, Lavee S, Spiegel-Roy P. Differences in peroxidase activity and isoenzymes in embryogenic ane non-embryogenic ‘Shamouti’ orange ovular callus lines. Plant Cell Physiol. 18: 463–467 (1977)

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    Assis JS, Maldonado R, Muñoz T, Escribano MI, Merodio C. Effect of high carbon dioxide concentration on PAL activity and phenolic contents in ripening cherimoya fruit. Postharvest Biol. Tec. 23: 33–39 (2001)

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    Cao S, Zheng Y, Wang K, Rui H, Tang S. Effect of methyl jasmonate on cell wall modification of loquat fruit in relation to chilling injury after harvest. Food Chem. 118: 641–647, (2010)

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    Aghdam MS, Hassanpouraghdam MB, Paliyath G, Farmani B. The language of calcium in post-harvest life of fruits, vegetables and flowers. Sci. Hortic.-Amsterdam 144: 102–115, (2012)

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  19. 19.

    Leslie CA, Romani RJ. Inhibition of ethylene biosynthesis by salicylic acid. Plant Physiol. 88: 833–837, (1988)

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  20. 20.

    Kazemi M, Aran M, Zamani S. Effect of calcium chloride and salicylic acid treatments on quality characteristics of kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa cv. Hayward) during storage. Am. J. Plant Physiol. 6: 183–189, (2011)

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  21. 21.

    Qureshi KM, Chughtai S, Qureshi US, Abbasi NA. Impact of exogenous application of salt and growth regulators on growth and yield of strawberry. Pakistan J. Bot. 45: 1179–1185, (2013)

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  22. 22.

    Zhang H, Ma L, Turner M, Xu H, Zheng X, Dong Y, Jiang S. Salicylic acid enhances biocontrol efficacy of Rhodotorula glutinis against post-harvest Rhizopus rot of strawberries and the possible mechanisms involved. Food Chem. 122: 577–583, (2010)

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  23. 23.

    Jacobo-Velázquez DA, Martínez-Hernández GB, Del C. Rodriìguez S, Cao C-M, Cisneros-Zevallos L. Plants as biofactories: Physiological role of reactive oxygen species on the accumulation of phenolic antioxidants in carrot tissue under wounding and hyperoxia stress. J. Agr. Food Chem. 59: 6583–6593, (2011)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  24. 24.

    Yang T, Poovaiah BW. Calcium/calmodulin-mediated signal network in plant. Trends Plant Sci. 8: 505–512, (2003)

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  25. 25.

    Wu Y, Yi G., Peng X, Huang B, Liu E, Zhang J. Systemic acquired resistance in Cavendish banana induced by infection with an incompatible strain of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense. J. Plant Physiol. 170: 1039–1046, (2013)

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  26. 26.

    Zhao Y, Tu K, Shao X, Jing W, Su Z. Effects of the yeast Pichia guilliermondii against Rhizopus nigricans on tomato fruit. Postharvest Biol. Tec. 49: 113–120, (2008)

    Google Scholar 

  27. 27.

    Ride JP. The role of cell wall alterations in resistance to fungi. Ann. Appl. Biol. 89: 302–306, (1978)

    Google Scholar 

  28. 28.

    Zhao Y, Tu K, Su J, Tu S, Hou Y, Liu F, Zou X. Heat treatment in combination with antagonistic yeast reduces diseases and elicits the active defense responses in harvested cherry tomato fruit. J. Agr. Food Chem. 57: 7565–7570, (2009)

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Yan Zhao.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Zhao, Y., Wang, C. Effect of calcium chloride in combination with salicylic acid on post-harvest freshness of apples. Food Sci Biotechnol 24, 1139–1146 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10068-015-0145-5

Download citation

Keywords

  • calcium chloride
  • salicylic acid
  • post-harvest fresh-keeping
  • apple fruit