Food Science and Biotechnology

, 20:1315 | Cite as

Impact of cranberry juice and proanthocyanidins on the ability of Escherichia coli to form biofilms

  • Paola Andrea Pinzón-Arango
  • Kerrie Holguin
  • Terri Anne CamesanoEmail author
Research Article


The effects of cranberry juice cocktail (CJC) and proanthocyanidins (PACs) on biofilm formation were investigated. Escherichia coli strain HB101pDC1 and nonfimbriated strain HB101 were grown in 10 wt% CJC or 120 μg/mL PACs for 12 consecutive cultures. Biofilm formation was investigated by incubating bacteria in 96-well polyvinyl chloride (PVC) plates and studying the optical density of the solution using the crystal violet method. We suspect that biofilm formation occurred due to non-specific interactions between the bacteria and the polymer. Both P-fimbriated E. coli HB101pDC1 and the non-fimbriated strain HB101 formed biofilms. E. coli strain HB101pDC1 formed a thicker and more mature biofilm. Cranberry juice inhibited biofilm formation after the first culture; however, for bacteria grown in PACs, a decrease in biofilm formation was observed with increasing number of cultures. The inhibitory effect was reversible. These results demonstrate that CJC is more effective than isolated PACs at preventing biofilm formation, possibly suggesting that other cranberry compounds also play a role in anti-biofilm activity.


urinary tract infection Vaccinium macrocarpon cranberry juice cocktail biofilm formation P-fimbriated Escherichia coli 


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Copyright information

© The Korean Society of Food Science and Technology and Springer Netherlands 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paola Andrea Pinzón-Arango
    • 1
  • Kerrie Holguin
    • 1
  • Terri Anne Camesano
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringWPI Life Sciences and Bioengineering Center at Gateway ParkWorcesterUSA

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