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Influence of fructooligosaccharides and garlic on formation of heterocyclic amines in fried ground beef patties


The effects of fructooligosaccharide (FOS) and garlic on the formation of 15 heterocyclic amines (HCAs) were evaluated in fried beef patties. The HCAs were extracted from the fried meat samples and purified using a solid-phase extraction method and then analyzed on a liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. Among the 15 HCAs, 3-amino-1, 4-dimethyl-5H-pyrido-[4,3-b]indole (Trp-P-1), 3-amino-1-methyl-5H-pyrido [4,3-b]indole (Trp-P-2), 2-amino-6-methyldipyrido [1,2-a:3′,2′-d]imidazole (Glu-P-1), 2-aminodipyrido [1,2-a:3′,2′-d]imidazole (Glu-P-2), 9H-pyrido [3,4-b]indole (norharman), 1-methyl-9H-pyrido [3,4-b]indole (harman), 2-amino-9H-pyrido [2,3-b]indole (AαC), 2-amino-3,8 dimethylimidazo [4,5-f]-quinoxaline (MeIQx), and 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo [4,5-b]-pyridine (PhIP) were detected in all of the cooked beef patties. Analysis of variance revealed that the addition of 1 or 3 g of FOS significantly reduced the formation of total amino-carboline type HCAs in the cooked beef patties, and adding the 1 or 3 g of FOS to ground beef patties reduced levels of PhIP and MeIQx (amino-imidazo-azaarenes; AIAs) in the patties. When it is compared with the HCA formation in control, additions of minced garlic (5.0, 10.0, and 15.0 g) to the ground beef patties (100 g) reduced HCA formation in the range of 14 to 100%.

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Correspondence to Han-Seung Shin.

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Jung, K., Lee, K., Park, J. et al. Influence of fructooligosaccharides and garlic on formation of heterocyclic amines in fried ground beef patties. Food Sci Biotechnol 19, 1159–1164 (2010).

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  • heterocyclic amine
  • liquid chromatographymass spectrometry
  • fructooligosaccharides
  • garlic
  • beef patty