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Early hearing loss detection in rheumatoid arthritis and primary Sjögren syndrome using extended high frequency audiometry

Abstract

The aim of this study is to evaluate the hearing behavior of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and primary Sjögren syndrome (PSS) patients and compare them with a healthy control group and with each other. A comparative cross-sectional study was performed with a group of 117 female RA patients, a group of 60 female PSS patients, and a 251 female healthy control group. Every subject underwent a series of studies including high-frequency audiometry, speech audiometry, and tympanometry. The high-frequency audiometry measured 250 to 16,000 Hz. The 117 patients with RA and the 60 with PSS were diagnosed according to American College of Rheumatology criteria / ACR 2010, and the validated classification of the American-European Consensus Group. Hearing loss was present in 36.8% of the RA group in 500–3000 Hz, 68.4% in 4000–8000 Hz, and 94.9% in 10,000–16,000 Hz. Hearing loss was present in 60% of the PSS group in 500–3000 Hz, 70% in 4000–8000 Hz, and 100% in 10,000–16,000 Hz. The hearing impairment prevalence of both groups was significantly different (p < 0.05) when compared with the healthy control group. We also compared the hearing thresholds between RA and PSS patients, finding a significant hearing threshold increase in 500–3000 Hz of the PSS group. This study consolidates the association between RA and PSS with hearing impairment. A deeper hearing loss was reported in PSS than in RA patients, demonstrating a greater auditory and speech recognition repercussion.

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Neither the research, nor the authors received any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

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Correspondence to José Luis Treviño González.

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Galarza-Delgado, D.A., Villegas Gonzalez, M.J., Riega Torres, J. et al. Early hearing loss detection in rheumatoid arthritis and primary Sjögren syndrome using extended high frequency audiometry. Clin Rheumatol 37, 367–373 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10067-017-3959-0

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Keywords

  • Extended audiometry
  • Hearing loss
  • High-frequency audiometry
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Sjögren syndrome