Renal disease in systemic sclerosis with normal serum creatinine

Abstract

Prognosis of systemic sclerosis largely depends on involvement of internal organs. The aim was to evaluate renal impairment in patients with systemic sclerosis by measuring the Glomerular filteration rate (GFR) and then calculating the GFR using the Cockgroft and Gault formula and the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease Equation (MDRD) formula. Thirty one scleroderma patients were recruited from the Rheumatology and Rehabilitation Department, Cairo University Hospitals, mean age 43.25 ± 11.28 years, 31 healthy controls were included. Disease severity was done using Medsger score. GFR was measured using classical Gates method TC99mDTPA. The modified Cockcroft and Gault formula and equation 7 from the MDRD were used for calculation of GFR. All patients had within normal serum creatinine levels. A normal GFR (>89ml/min) was found in 45.1%. Gates method showed reduced GFR was reported in 54.9%. Stage II chronic kidney disease (60-89 ml/min) found 32.3%, and stage III (30-59 ml/min) in 22.6%. The formulae used showed reduction of GFR in 35.29% of those affected by the Cockcroft-Gault and in 41.17% of those affected using the MDRD. No correlation to patients’ age, disease duration, or severity. A positive correlation was also reported between the presence of renal involvement and pulmonary vascular involvement p = 0.04. Gates method showed reduction of the GFR in 54.9% of the systemic sclerosis patients. The formulae used were not as precise as the measured GFR in diagnosing all cases with subclinical renal involvement. Patients with systemic sclerosis should be screened for renal involvement irrespective of disease severity or duration.

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Acknowledgment

Our thanks to the Department of Nuclear Medicine, Faculty of <edicine, Cairo University Hospitals for providing all the facilities needed for this research.

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Correspondence to Reem H. A. Mohamed.

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Mohamed, R.H.A., Zayed, H.S. & Amin, A. Renal disease in systemic sclerosis with normal serum creatinine. Clin Rheumatol 29, 729–737 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10067-010-1389-3

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Keywords

  • Systemic sclerosis
  • Glomerular filteration rate
  • Cockcroft and Gault
  • Modification of Diet in renal disease equation