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Kawasaki disease in an infant following immunisation with hepatitis B vaccine

Abstract

The known association between hepatitis B and vasculitis has been reported in rare cases in adults after hepatitis B vaccination. We here describe a 35-day-old infant who developed Kawasaki disease 1 day after receiving his second dose of hepatitis B vaccine. Although extremely rare, this possible side effect should be noted and further investigated.

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Abbreviations

AO:

Aorta

LCA:

Left coronary artery

RCA:

Right coronary artery

PAN:

Polyarteritis nodosa

KD:

Kawasaki disease

ESR:

Erythrocyte sedimentation rate

WBC:

White blood cell

LAD:

Left anterior descending

LC:

Left circumflex

IVIG:

Intravenous immunoglobulin

CT:

Computerized tomography

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Correspondence to Philip J. Hashkes.

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Miron, D., Fink, D. & Hashkes, P.J. Kawasaki disease in an infant following immunisation with hepatitis B vaccine. Clin Rheumatol 22, 461–463 (2003). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10067-003-0785-3

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10067-003-0785-3

Keywords

  • Hepatitis B virus
  • Kawasaki disease
  • Vaccine