Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment

, Volume 78, Issue 7, pp 5001–5010 | Cite as

Factors effecting the freeze thaw process in soils and reduction in damage due to frosting with reinforcement: a review

  • Rongfei Zhao
  • Shuning Zhang
  • Wei GaoEmail author
  • Jin He
  • Jie Wang
  • Dan Jin
  • Bo NanEmail author
Original Paper


Seasonal frozen soil is widely distributed in China. The seasonal freeze-thaw (F-T) process of soil will adversely affect the safety and service life of the engineering structures in these areas. Therefore, it is necessary to thoroughly study the main factors affecting the F-T process of soil and prevent or control F-T damage. This study first briefly introduces the distribution of seasonal frozen soil in China and the damage of soil after F-T. Then, on the one hand, it discusses the influencing trends of soil properties after freeze-thaw cycles (FTC) based on the different soil structure, compaction degree, moisture content, freezing temperature, and FTC times. On the other hand, it analyzes the present major project prevention and control measures to the damage of soils subjected to the F-T. This study highlights the positive effect of soil reinforcement on improving soil mechanical properties and reducing F-T destruction to the soil construction. Finally, it prospects the optimal reinforcement methods for all kinds of soils during different F-T conditions based on further theoretical research and practical experience.


Soil Freezing and thawing action Affecting factors Prevention and control Reinforcement Review 



The authors would like to express their gratitude toward the financial support received from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (project approval No.: 51508345), the National Sparking Plan Project (2015GA650012).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Water ConservancyShenyang Agricultural UniversityShenyangChina
  2. 2.College of EngineeringShenyang Agricultural UniversityShenyangChina
  3. 3.Jilin Province Water Conservancy and Hydropower Survey Design and Research InstituteChangchunChina

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