V shaped gully method for controlling rockfall on high-steep slopes in China

  • Zhu Chun
  • Tao Zhigang
  • Yang Sen
  • Zhao Shuai
Original Paper


Large, deep open-pit mining projects lead to rockfall, which becomes an engineering hazard second only to slope stability. The V shaped gully (V-gully) method introduced here was shown to have a significant effect on preventing rockfall through reduction of kinetic energy and rainfall discharge. The method, where a gravel cushion was laid on the V-gully surface, was applied in a typical open-pit mine. A drain dyke should be set at the bottom of the V-gully to discharge rainfall effectively. The slope stability analysis under different drainage rates was calculated by Modified Sarma (MSARMA) software. Slope stability, engineering activities and weathering condition of slope were taken into account to identify the rockfall prone areas. RocFall numerical software was used to calculate the effect of various angle V-gullies on the movements of various rockfall. A striking reduction in kinetic energy of rockfall was achieved, and the effects of V-gully protective measures were studied. Then, a system for controlling rockfall effectively and economically was designed for a particular slope according to the field situation. The effectiveness and reasonableness of design were evaluated through numerical simulations and field testing. This paper provides a theoretical and practical basis for a novel rockfall prevention technique on the high-steep slopes in similar engineering projects.


Open-pit mine Rockfall hazards Coefficient of restitution Rockfall protection V-gully 



We hereby express our sincere thanks to Academician He Manchao from the Benxi Steel (Group) Nanfen Open-pit Iron Mine and the State Key Laboratory for Geomechanics and Deep Underground Engineering, Beijing for his great support for this project. This work is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation Item of China (No. 41502323) and Beijing Natural Science Foundation of China (8142032).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Construction EngineeringJilin UniversityChangchunChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory for Geomechanics & Deep Underground EngineeringBeijingChina
  3. 3.School of Mechanics and Civil EngineeringChina University of Mining & TechnologyBeijingChina
  4. 4.School of Water Resources and Architectural EngineeringShihezi UniversityShiheziChina

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