Identifying the influences of geological factors on reservoir bank collapse by a model test

  • Feng Ji
  • Changjiang LiuEmail author
  • Huixing Zhou
  • Haiming Liu
  • Yi Liao
Original Paper


Reservoir bank collapse, which strongly influences the relocation area when water is impounded, is currently an important topic in reservoir engineering. In this work, a series of orthogonal experiments was carried out to analyze, from among the many factors that can affect bank collapse width (BCW), the effects on BCW of slope angle, material grain-size diameter, degree of density of material, wave height of reservoir water, and water level fluctuation. A detailed analysis of each parameter is presented, and the analysis of range (ANORA) calculated. The results of the study show that the most sensitive factor affecting BCW is slope angle, followed by density degree, clay proportion, wave height, and water level. Finally, a prediction formula was established based on the physical simulation experiments, and its scope of applicability is discussed. These research results provide a reliable basis for future bank collapse studies.


Gravelly soil Reservoir Bank collapse Physical simulation Geological conditions 



We acknowledge support by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51308082), the Key Fund Project of the Sichuan Provincial Department of Education (No. 15ZA0075), and the Discovery Fund of the State Key Laboratory of Geohazard Prevention and Geoenvironment Protection (SKLGP 00002296), and the Talent Fund of Chengdu University of Technology (KYGG201303), China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2013M540701). The authors are grateful to all of the technicians who worked in the laboratory of SKLGP for providing assistance throughout the experimental work, especially Dr. Dongpo Wang who provided advice on this research.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Feng Ji
    • 1
  • Changjiang Liu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Huixing Zhou
    • 2
  • Haiming Liu
    • 1
  • Yi Liao
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Geohazard Prevention and Geoenvironment Protection (Chengdu University of Technology)ChengduPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.China Hydropower Consulting Grp Co, East China Investigat and Design InstFuzhouPeople’s Republic of China

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