The 2012 Hans Cloos lecture: physicochemical theory of effective stress in soils

  • V. I. OsipovEmail author
Original Paper


The paper presents a new theory of effective stresses in soils. Unlike the well-known theory of Karl Terzaghi, it considers soil as a structured system with operating external and internal stresses of gravitational and physicochemical origin. Stresses calculated with consideration of both external and internal forces correspond to the actual effective stresses existing in a structured porous body. The paper characterizes both groups of stresses and provides the equations for calculating total actual effective stresses in soils.


Effective stress Pore pressure Contact interaction Disjoining forces of hydrate films Capillary pressure Open and closed porous systems 


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Sergeev Institute of Environmental GeoscienceRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

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