Virtual Reality

, Volume 22, Issue 2, pp 91–102 | Cite as

Virtual dives into the underwater archaeological treasures of South Italy

  • Fabio Bruno
  • Loris Barbieri
  • Antonio Lagudi
  • Marco Cozza
  • Alessandro Cozza
  • Raffaele Peluso
  • Maurizio Muzzupappa
S.I. : VR and AR Serious Games


The paper presents a virtual diving system based on a virtual reality (VR) application for the exploitation of the Underwater Cultural Heritage. The virtual diving experience has been designed to entertain users, but its added pedagogical value is explicitly emphasized too. In fact, the ludic activities, consisting in the simulation of a real diving session from the point of view of a scuba diver, are following a storyline described by a virtual diving companion who guides users during the exploration of the underwater archaeological site. The virtual diving system provides general and historical-cultural contents, but also information about the flora and fauna of the specific submerged site to the users. The results collected through user studies demonstrate that the proposed VR system is able to provide a playful learning experience, with a high emotional impact, and it has been well appreciated by a large variety of audiences, even by younger and inexperienced users.


Serious games Virtual reality Virtual diving system Underwater Cultural Heritage Underwater archaeological sites 



The VISAS project (Ref. Start-Up PAC02L2-00040) has been financed by the MIUR under the PAC Programme. The authors would like to thank the Marine Protected Area of Capo Rizzuto, the Soprintendenza per i Beni culturali e ambientali del Mare della Sicilia for the permission to conduct the experimentation in the sites of Cala Minnola and the Soprintendenza per i Beni Archeologici della Calabria for the site of Punta Scifo.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fabio Bruno
    • 1
  • Loris Barbieri
    • 1
  • Antonio Lagudi
    • 1
  • Marco Cozza
    • 2
  • Alessandro Cozza
    • 2
  • Raffaele Peluso
    • 2
  • Maurizio Muzzupappa
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of MechanicalEnergy and Industrial Engineering (DIMEG) University of CalabriaRendeItaly
  2. 2.3D Research SrlRendeItaly

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