Skip to main content

Lightness modification of color image for protanopia and deuteranopia

Abstract

In multimedia content, colors play important roles in conveying visual information. However, color information cannot always be perceived uniformly by all people. People with a color vision deficiency, such as dichromacy, cannot recognize and distinguish certain color combinations. In this paper, an effective lightness modification method, which enables barrier-free color vision for people with dichromacy, especially protanopia or deuteranopia, while preserving the color information in the original image for people with standard color vision, is proposed. In the proposed method, an optimization problem concerning lightness components is first defined by considering color differences in an input image. Then a perceptible and comprehensible color image for both protanopes and viewers with no color vision deficiency or both deuteranopes and viewers with no color vision deficiency is obtained by solving the optimization problem. Through experiments, the effectiveness of the proposed method is illustrated.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

We’re sorry, something doesn't seem to be working properly.

Please try refreshing the page. If that doesn't work, please contact support so we can address the problem.

References

  1. 1)

    K. Wakita and K. Shimamura: Proc. 7th Int. ACM SIGACCESS Conf. Computers and Accessibility, 2005, p. 158.

  2. 2)

    K. Rasche, R. Geist, and J. Westall: IEEE Comput. Graphics Appl. 25 (2005) 22.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3)

    K. Rasche, R. Geist, and J. Westall: Eurographics 24 (2005) 423.

    Google Scholar 

  4. 4)

    J. B. Huang, Y. C. Tseng, S. I. Wu, and S. J. Wang: IEEE Signal Process. Lett. 14 (2007) 711.

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  5. 5)

    J. B. Huang, S. Y. Wu, and C. S. Chen: presented at Workshop Computer Vision Applications for the Visually Impaired, 2008.

  6. 6)

    M. Ichikawa, K. Tanaka, S. Kondo, K. Hiroshima, K. Ichikawa, S. Tanabe, and K. Fukami: Lecture Notes in Computer Science (Springer, Heidelberg, 2003) Vol. 2724, p. 2134.

    Google Scholar 

  7. 7)

    M. Ichikawa, K. Tanaka, S. Kondo, K. Hiroshima, K. Ichikawa, S. Tanabe, and K. Fukami: Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. System, Man and Cybernetics, 2004, p. 36.

  8. 8)

    M. Meguro, C. Takahashi, and T. Koga: IEICE Tech. Rep. SIP2004-79 (2004) 19 [in Japanese].

  9. 9)

    M. Meguro, Y. Ogiso, M. Ootsuki, R. Hoshino, and T. Koga: IEICE Tech. Rep. SIS2005-66 (2006) 37 [in Japanese].

  10. 10)

    M. Meguro, C. Takahashi, and T. Koga: Proc. SPIE 6057 (2006) 60571A.

  11. 11)

    R. Hoshino, M. Meguro, and T. Koga: IEICE Tech. Rep. SIS2006-76 (2007) 27 [in Japanese].

  12. 12)

    R. Dougherty and A. Wade: http://www.vischeck.com/daltonize

  13. 13)

    A. K. Jain: Fundamentals of Digital Image Processing (Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ, 1989) p. 49.

    MATH  Google Scholar 

  14. 14)

    D. B. Judd: Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 55 (1966) 1313.

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  15. 15)

    F. H. G. Pitt: Medical Research Council, Report of the Committee on the Physiology of Vision, XIV; Special Report Series, No. 200 (1935).

  16. 16)

    E. N. Yustova: Probl. Physiol. Opt. 8 (1953) 112.

    Google Scholar 

  17. 17)

    N. D. Nuberg and E. N. Yustova: Stud. State Opt. Inst. (Moscow) 25 (1955) 33.

    Google Scholar 

  18. 18)

    G. Tanaka, N. Suetake, and E. Uchino: Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. System, Man and Cybernetics, 2008, p. 1014.

  19. 19)

    F. Viénot, H. Brettel, and J. D. Mollon: Color Res. Appl. 24 (1999) 243.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  20. 20)

    G. Tanaka, N. Suetake, and E. Uchino: Proc. 24th Int. Technical Conf. Circuits/Systems, Computers and Communications, 2009, p. 239.

  21. 21)

    V. C. Smith and J. Pokorny: Vision Res. 15 (1975) 161.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  22. 22)

    M. Stokes, M. Anderson, S. Chandrasekar, and R. Motta: http://www.w3.org/Graphics/Color/sRGB.html (1996).

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Noriaki Suetake.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Tanaka, G., Suetake, N. & Uchino, E. Lightness modification of color image for protanopia and deuteranopia. OPT REV 17, 14–23 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10043-010-0004-9

Download citation

Keywords

  • color image
  • color deficiency
  • dichromacy
  • indiscriminable color
  • confusion loci
  • lightness modification
  • minimization problem