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Hydrogeological environment and groundwater occurrences of the alluvial aquifers in parts of the Central Ganga Plain, Uttar Pradesh, India

Abstract

A detailed hydrogeological investigation was carried out in parts of the Central Ganga Plain, India, with the objective of assessing the aquifer framework and its resource potential. The area was studied because of its dual hydrogeological situation, that is water logging and soil salinization in the canal command areas and depletion of aquifers in the western part of the basin. A comprehensive investigation of the aquifer system between the Ganga River and Kali River revealed its lateral and vertical dimensions and hydrogeological characteristics. Moreover, study of the groundwater occurrences, movements and behaviour, in terms of water level fluctuation with time and space, confirms the coexistence of over exploitation as well as water logging in the area.

Résumé

L'objectif de cette étude hydrogéologique détaillée de portions de la Plaine Centrale du Gange est de déreminer la structure aquifère et la ressource potentielle. L'intérêt de la zone repose sur sa dualité du point de vue hydrogéologique, les zones influencées par le canal présentent une remontée de la nappe avec une salinisation des sols, la portion Ouest du bassin présente une baisse du niveau des aquifères. Par cette étude, le système aquifère compris entre la rivière du Gange et la rivière Kali révèle ses dimensions latérales et verticales ainsi que ses caractéristiques hydrogéologiques. De plus, l'étude des événements, des mouvements et du régime hydrogéologique affectant le niveau phréatique confirme la co-existence de surexploitation et de saturation des sols dans la région.

Resumen

Una investigación hidrogeológica detallada se llevó a cabo en partes de la Llanura de Ganga Central, India, con el objetivo de evaluar la estructura del acuífero y su potencial del recurso. El área fue estudiada por su doble situación hidrogeológica, es decir la saturación con agua y salinización de suelos en las áreas dominadas por el canal y vaciamiento de acuíferos en el la parte occidental de la cuenca. Una investigación completa del sistema acuífero entre el Río Ganga y el Río Kali, reveló sus dimensiones verticales y laterales y las características hidrogeológicas. Además, los estudios sobre la ocurrencia del agua subterránea, sus movimientos y comportamiento, en lo que se refiere al nivel de agua, y a su fluctuación en el tiempo y el espacio, confirma la co-existencia en el área de sobre- explotación así como de saturación con agua.

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Acknowledgement

The author wishes to express his gratitude to the Chairman, Department of Geology, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh for providing facilities to carry out this work. The author also wishes to thank the Uttar Pradesh State Groundwater Department for providing the useful data. The reviews and constructive comments provided by the reviewers and the editor are gratefully acknowledged.

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Correspondence to Rashid Umar.

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Communicated by P. P. Kumar

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10040_2005_19_MOESEM1_ESM.doc

Environnement et particularité hydrogéologique des aquifères alluviaux de portions de la Plaine Centrale du Gange, Uttar Pradesh, Inde

10040_2005_19_MOESEM2_ESM.doc

Hydrogeological Environment and Groundwater Occurrences of the Alluvial Aquifers in Parts of the Central Ganga Plain, Uttar Pradesh, India.

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Umar, R. Hydrogeological environment and groundwater occurrences of the alluvial aquifers in parts of the Central Ganga Plain, Uttar Pradesh, India. Hydrogeol J 14, 969–978 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10040-005-0019-7

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Keywords

  • India
  • Central Ganga Plain
  • Aquifer system
  • Hydraulic properties
  • Groundwater flow