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An integration of GIS and remote sensing in groundwater investigations: A case study in Burdur, Turkey

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The importance of groundwater is growing based on an increasing need and decreasing spring discharges in the Burdur area. Remote Sensing and the Geographic Information System (GIS) have been used for investigation of springs, which are an important groundwater source. The chemical composition of groundwater is not of drinking water quality in Burdur city and water in the Burdur residential area is being obtained from the Cine plain.

The purpose of this study was to investigate new water sources by using remote sensing and GIS methods. Geology, lineament and land use maps of the research area were prepared using the Landsat TM satellite image composed of different analyses on the TM 7–4-1 band. In addition, contours, creeks, roads and springs were digitized using a topographic map of 1/100,000 scale to produce a drainage density map. A groundwater potential map was produced which integrated thematic maps, such as annual rainfall, geology, lineament density, land use, topography, slope and drainage density. According to this investigation, the surrounding villages of Askeriye, Bugduz, Gelincik, Taskapı and Kayaaltı were determined to be important from the point of view of groundwater potential in the research area.

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Correspondence to Aysen Davraz.

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Sener, E., Davraz, A. & Ozcelik, M. An integration of GIS and remote sensing in groundwater investigations: A case study in Burdur, Turkey. Hydrogeol J 13, 826–834 (2005).

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