Skip to main content
Log in

Arthroskopische Verfahren am Kniegelenk

Arthroscopic procedures in the knee joint

  • Standards in der Unfallchirurgie
  • Published:
Trauma und Berufskrankheit

Zusammenfassung

Biologisch-rekonstruktive Verfahren zur minimalinvasiven Therapie von Schäden am Kniegelenk stehen in einer kontinuierlichen Weiterentwicklung, wobei Erkenntnisse der Mikro- und Makroanatomie sowie der Biomechanik immer größere Berücksichtigung finden. Im vorliegenden Beitrag werden die aktuellen Erkenntnisse und Entwicklungen in der arthroskopischen Therapie von Knorpel-, Meniskus- und Kreuzbandverletzungen beschrieben. Ein weiterer Aspekt sind die arthroskopisch assistierten Verfahren der Frakturbehandlung am Kniegelenk.

Abstract

Biologic reconstructive techniques for minimally invasive treatment of lesions in the knee are under continuous improvement and scientific findings of micro- and macroanatomy as well as biomechanics are being given great consideration. The article provides an overview about the current standards in arthroscopic therapy of injuries of cartilage, meniscus, and cruciate ligaments. A further aspect is the arthroscopically assisted technique of fracture treatment in the knee.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Abb. 1
Abb. 2
Abb. 3
Abb. 4
Abb. 5
Abb. 6

Literatur

  1. Abdel-Hamid MZ, Chang CH, Chan YS et al (2006) Arthroscopic evaluation of soft tissue injuries in tibial plateau fractures: retrospective analysis of 98 cases. Arthroscopy 22:669–675

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  2. Agneskirchner JD, Brucker P, Burkart A et al (2002) Large osteochondral defects of the femoral condyle: press-fit transplantation of the posterior femoral condyle (MEGA-OATS). Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 10:160–168

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  3. Ahmed AM, Burke DL (1983) In-vitro measurement of static pressure distribution in synovial joints – Part I: Tibial surface of the knee. J Biomech Eng 105:216–225

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. Ahn JH, Wang JH, Yoo JC (2004) Arthroscopic all-inside suture repair of medial meniscus lesion in anterior cruciate ligament-deficient knees: results of second-look arthroscopies in 39 cases. Arthroscopy 20:936–945

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  5. Allen CR, Kaplan LD, Fluhme DJ et al (2002) Posterior cruciate ligament injuries. Curr Opin Rheumatol 14:142–149

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  6. Amis AA, Scammell BE (1993) Biomechanics of intra-articular and extra-articular reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament. J Bone Joint Surg Br 75:812–817

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  7. Anderson AF, Fu FH, Mandelbaum B (2003) A controlled study of autologous chondrocyte implantation versus microfracture for articular cartilage lesions of the femur. Transactions of the 70th Annual Meeting of the AAOS, New Orleans, USA

  8. Anderson L, Watts M, Shapter O et al (2010) Repair of radial tears and posterior horn detachments of the lateral meniscus: minimum 2-year follow-up. Arthroscopy 26:1625–1632

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  9. Andersson-Molina H, Karlsson H, Rockborn P (2002) Arthroscopic partial and total meniscectomy: a long-term follow-up study with matched controls. Arthroscopy 18:183–189

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  10. Annadale T (1889) Excision of the internal semilunar cartilage resulting inperfect restoration of the joint-movement. BMJ 1:291–292

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Araujo PH, Van Eck CF, Macalena JA et al (2011) Advances in the three-portal technique for anatomical single- or double-bundle ACL reconstruction. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 19:1239–1242

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  12. Baratz ME, Fu FH, Mengato R (1986) Meniscal tears: the effect of meniscectomy and of repair on intraarticular contact areas and stress in the human knee. A preliminary report. Am J Sports Med 14:270–275

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  13. Bauer M, Jackson RW (1988) Chondral lesions of the femoral condyles: a system of arthroscopic classification. Arthroscopy 4:97–102

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  14. Becker R, Brettschneider O, Grobel KH et al (2006) Distraction forces on repaired bucket-handle lesions in the medial meniscus. Am J Sports Med 34:1941–1947

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  15. Behrens P (2005) Matrixgekoppelte Mikrofrakturierung – ein neues Konzept zur Knorpeldefektbehandlung. Arthroskopie 18:193–197

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. Belanger M, Fadale P (1997) Compartment syndrome of the leg after arthroscopic examination of a tibial plateau fracture. Case report and review of the literature. Arthroscopy 13:646–651

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  17. Benedetto KP, Osti M, Gohm A (2010) Arthroskopisch assistierte Osteosynthese von Tibiakopffrakturen. Arthroskopie 23:112–118

    Article  Google Scholar 

  18. Beynnon BD, Johnson RJ, Fleming BC et al (2002) Anterior cruciate ligament replacement: comparison of bone-patellar tendon-bone grafts with two-strand hamstring grafts. A prospective, randomized study. J Bone Joint Surg Am 84-A:1503–1513

    Google Scholar 

  19. Bonnaire F, Lein T, Engler KJ et al (2009) Arthroskopisch gestützte Rekonstruktion von Tibiakopffrakturen. Trauma Berufskrankh 11:160–170

    Article  Google Scholar 

  20. Borner CE, Ruhmann O, Hehl S et al (2005) Treatment of incomplete meniscal lesions in athletes. Sportverletz Sportschaden 19:200–204

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  21. Bozzini P (1807) Der Lichtleiter. Weimar

  22. Braun S, Vogt S, Imhoff AB (2007) Stage oriented surgical cartilage therapy. Current situation. Orthopade 36:589–600

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  23. Brittberg M, Winalski CS (2003) Evaluation of cartilage injuries and repair. J Bone Joint Surg Am [Suppl 2] 85-A:58–69

  24. Brittberg M, Lindahl A, Nilsson A et al (1994) Treatment of deep cartilage defects in the knee with autologous chondrocyte transplantation. N Engl J Med 331:889–895

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  25. Brown CH Jr, Wilson DR, Hecker AT et al (2004) Graft-bone motion and tensile properties of hamstring and patellar tendon anterior cruciate ligament femoral graft fixation under cyclic loading. Arthroscopy 20:922–935

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  26. Bulgheroni P, Murena L, Ratti C et al (2010) Follow-up of collagen meniscus implant patients: clinical, radiological, and magnetic resonance imaging results at 5 years. Knee 17:224–229

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  27. Butler DL, Noyes FR, Grood ES (1980) Ligamentous restraints to anterior-posterior drawer in the human knee. A biomechanical study. J Bone Joint Surg Am 62:259–270

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  28. Cannon WD Jr, Vittori JM (1992) The incidence of healing in arthroscopic meniscal repairs in anterior cruciate ligament-reconstructed knees versus stable knees. Am J Sports Med 20:176–181

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  29. Chan YS, Chiu CH, Lo YP et al (2008) Arthroscopy-assisted surgery for tibial plateau fractures: 2- to 10-year follow-up results. Arthroscopy 24:760–768

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  30. Christel P (2003) Basic principles for surgical reconstruction of the PCL in chronic posterior knee instability. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 11(5):289–296

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  31. Cole BJ, Farr J, Winalski CS et al (2011) Outcomes after a single-stage procedure for cell-based cartilage repair: a prospective clinical safety trial with 2-year follow-up. Am J Sports Med 39:1170–1179

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  32. Cox JS, Nye CE, Schaefer WW et al (1975) The degenerative effects of partial and total resection of the medial meniscus in dogs‘ knees. Clin Orthop Relat Res 109:178–183

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  33. Curl WW, Krome J, Gordon ES et al (1997) Cartilage injuries: a review of 31,516 knee arthroscopies. Arthroscopy 13:456–460

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  34. Dehaven KE, Black KP, Griffiths HJ (1989) Open meniscus repair. Technique and two to nine year results. Am J Sports Med 17:788–795

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  35. Dehaven KE, Lohrer WA, Lovelock JE (1995) Long-term results of open meniscal repair. Am J Sports Med 23:524–530

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  36. Dienst M, Greis PE, Ellis BJ et al (2007) Effect of lateral meniscal allograft sizing on contact mechanics of the lateral tibial plateau: an experimental study in human cadaveric knee joints. Am J Sports Med 35:34–42

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  37. Eggers AK, Becker C, Weimann A et al (2007) Biomechanical evaluation of different fixation methods for tibial eminence fractures. Am J Sports Med 35:404–410

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  38. Ellermann A, Bülow JU, Siebold R et al (2001) Expertenmeinung: Meniskusrefixation. Arthroskopie 14:278–279

    Google Scholar 

  39. Engelhardt M (2003) Epidemiologie der Arthrose in Westeuropa. Dtsch Z Sportmed 54:171–175

    Google Scholar 

  40. Engelhardt M, Habermann B, Rauschmann M et al (2001) Historical development of sports orthopedics. Orthopade 30:768–775

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  41. Erggelet C, Holz J, Lahm A et al (2008) Matrix-augmented autologous chondrocyte implantation in the knee – arthroscopic technique. Oper Orthop Traumatol 20:199–207

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  42. Fairbank TJ (1948) Knee joint changes after meniscectomy. J Bone Joint Surg Br 30B:664–670

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  43. Fanelli GC (1993) Posterior cruciate ligament injuries in trauma patients. Arthroscopy 9:291–294

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  44. Fanelli GC (2008) Posterior cruciate ligament rehabilitation: how slow should we go? Arthroscopy 24:234–235

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  45. Fanelli GC, Edson CJ (1995) Posterior cruciate ligament injuries in trauma patients: Part II. Arthroscopy 11:526–529

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  46. Fanelli GC, Larson RV (2002) Practical management of posterolateral instability of the knee. Arthroscopy 18:1–8

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  47. Fanelli GC, Beck JD, Edson CJ (2010) Current concepts review: the posterior cruciate ligament. J Knee Surg 23:61–72

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  48. Fetzer GB, Spindler KP, Amendola A et al (2009) Potential market for new meniscus repair strategies: evaluation of the MOON cohort. J Knee Surg 22:180–186

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  49. Fink C (2001) Meniskusrefixation – Anatomische und biologische Grundlagen. Arthroskopie 14:248–253

    Article  Google Scholar 

  50. Freedman KB, D’Amato MJ, Nedeff DD, Kaz A, Bach BR Jr (2003) Arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: a metaanalysis comparing patellar tendon and hamstring tendon autografts. Am J Sports Med 31(1):2–11

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  51. Gille J, Schuseil E, Wimmer J et al (2010) Mid-term results of autologous matrix-induced chondrogenesis for treatment of focal cartilage defects in the knee. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 18:1456–1464

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  52. Gollehon DL, Torzilli PA, Warren RF (1987) The role of the posterolateral and cruciate ligaments in the stability of the human knee. A biomechanical study. J Bone Joint Surg Am 69:233–242

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  53. Grood ES, Noyes FR, Butler DL et al (1981) Ligamentous and capsular restraints preventing straight medial and lateral laxity in intact human cadaver knees. J Bone Joint Surg Am 63:1257–1269

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  54. Grood ES, Stowers SF, Noyes FR (1988) Limits of movement in the human knee. Effect of sectioning the posterior cruciate ligament and posterolateral structures. J Bone Joint Surg Am 70:88–97

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  55. Gudas R, Kalesinskas RJ, Kimtys V et al (2005) A prospective randomized clinical study of mosaic osteochondral autologous transplantation versus microfracture for the treatment of osteochondral defects in the knee joint in young athletes. Arthroscopy 21:1066–1075

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  56. Ha JK, Sung JH, Shim JC et al (2011) Medial meniscus allograft transplantation using a modified bone plug technique: clinical, radiologic, and arthroscopic results. Arthroscopy 27:944–950

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  57. Hammoud S, Reinhardt K (2010) Outcomes of posterior cruciate ligament treatment: a review of the evidence. Sports Med Arthrosc 18(4):280–291

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  58. Hangody L, Fules P (2003) Autologous osteochondral mosaicplasty for the treatment of full-thickness defects of weight-bearing joints: ten years of experimental and clinical experience. J Bone Joint Surg Am [Suppl 2] 85-A:25–32

  59. Hangody L, Kish G, Karpati Z et al (1997) Arthroscopic autogenous osteochondral mosaicplasty for the treatment of femoral condylar articular defects. A preliminary report. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 5:262–267

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  60. Hanks GA, Gause TM, Sebastianelli WJ et al (1991) Repair of peripheral meniscal tears: open versus arthroscopic technique. Arthroscopy 7:72–77

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  61. Harner C, Höher J (1998) Evaluation and treatment of posterior cruciate ligament injuries. Am J Sports Med 26(3):471–482

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  62. Harner CD, Baek GH, Vogrin TM et al (1999) Quantitative analysis of human cruciate ligament insertions. Arthroscopy 15:741–749

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  63. Harner CD, Janaushek MA, Kanamori A et al (2000) Biomechanical analysis of a double-bundle posterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Am J Sports Med 28:144–151

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  64. Heijkants RG, Van Calck RV, Van Tienen TG et al (2005) Uncatalyzed synthesis, thermal and mechanical properties of polyurethanes based on poly(epsilon-caprolactone) and 1,4-butane diisocyanate with uniform hard segment. Biomaterials 26:4219–4228

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  65. Henning CE, Lynch MA, Clark JR (1987) Vascularity for healing of meniscus repairs. Arthroscopy 3:13–18

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  66. Hoher J, Vogrin TM, Woo SL et al (1999) In situ forces in the human posterior cruciate ligament in response to muscle loads: a cadaveric study. J Orthop Res 17:763–768

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  67. Hoher J, Scheffler S, Weiler A (2003) Graft choice and graft fixation in PCL reconstruction. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 11(5):297–306

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  68. Horas U, Pelinkovic D, Herr G et al (2003) Autologous chondrocyte implantation and osteochondral cylinder transplantation in cartilage repair of the knee joint. A prospective, comparative trial. J Bone Joint Surg Am 85-A:185–192

    Google Scholar 

  69. Horibe S, Shino K, Maeda A et al (1996) Results of isolated meniscal repair evaluated by second-look arthroscopy. Arthroscopy 12:150–155

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  70. Huang TW, Hsu KY, Cheng CY et al (2008) Arthroscopic suture fixation of tibial eminence avulsion fractures. Arthroscopy 24:1232–1238

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  71. Iwamoto J, Takeda T, Sato Y et al (2008) Retrospective case evaluation of gender differences in sports injuries in a Japanese sports medicine clinic. Gend Med 5:405–414

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  72. Jacobsen K (1976) Stress radiographical measurement of the anteroposterior, medial and lateral stability of the knee joint. Acta Orthop Scand 47:335–334

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  73. Jäger A, Braune C, Welsch F et al (2002) Is meniscal repair an adequate procedure to prevent early osteoarthritis in athletes with chronic anterior knee instabilitity? Zentralbl Chir 127:890–894

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  74. Jäger A, Khoudeir S, Braune C et al (2002) Can meniscal suture repair in athletes prevent early development of osteoarthritis without compromising the preinjury sports activity level. Sportverletz Sportschaden 16:70–73

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  75. Jarvela T (2007) Double-bundle versus single-bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: a prospective, randomize clinical study. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 15:500–507

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  76. Jarvela T, Kannus P, Jarvinen M (2000) Anterior knee pain 7 years after an anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with a bone-patellar tendon-bone autograft. Scand J Med Sci Sports 10:221–227

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  77. Johnson LL (1986) Arthroscopic abrasion arthroplasty historical and pathologic perspective: present status. Arthroscopy 2:54–69

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  78. Jung TM, Strobel MJ, Weiler A (2006) Diagnostics and treatment of posterior cruciate ligament injuries. Unfallchirurg 109:41–60

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  79. Kesier C, Seydl G (2000) Severin Nordentoft und die Priorität für die Arthroskopie. Arthroskopie 13:197–199

    Article  Google Scholar 

  80. Kim YJ, Kim JG, Chang SH et al (2010) Posterior root tear of the medial meniscus in multiple knee ligament injuries. Knee 17:324–328

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  81. Kim CW, Kim JM, Lee SH et al (2011) Results of isolated lateral meniscus allograft transplantation: focus on objective evaluations with magnetic resonance imaging. Am J Sports Med 39:1960–1967

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  82. Kondo E, Yasuda K, Azuma H et al (2008) Prospective clinical comparisons of anatomic double-bundle versus single-bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction procedures in 328 consecutive patients. Am J Sports Med 36:1675–1687

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  83. Kopf S, Musahl V, Tashman S et al (2009) A systematic review of the femoral origin and tibial insertion morphology of the ACL. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 17:213–219

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  84. Kopf S, Colvin AC, Muriuki M et al (2011) Meniscal root suturing techniques: implications for root fixation. Am J Sports Med 39(10):2141–2146

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  85. Kurosawa H, Fukubayashi T, Nakajima H (1980) Load-bearing mode of the knee joint: physical behavior of the knee joint with or without menisci. Clin Orthop Relat Res 149:283–290

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  86. Laer L von (2007) Frakturen der proximalen Tibiaepiphyse. In: Laer L von, Kraus R, Linhart W (Hrsg) Frakturen und Luxationen im Wachstumsalter. Thieme, Stuttgart New York, S 324–332

  87. Lenschow S, Schliemann B, Dressler K et al (2011) Structural properties of a new fixation strategy in double bundle ACL reconstruction: the MiniShim. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 131:1159–1165

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  88. Lobenhoffer P (2000) Therapie chronischer Instabilitäten nach hinterer Kreuzbandverletzung. Arthroskopie 13:17–29

    Article  Google Scholar 

  89. Lobenhoffer P, Lattermann C, Krettek C et al (1996) Rupture of the posterior cruciate ligament: status of current treatment. Unfallchirurg 99:382–399

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  90. Lubowitz JH, Elson WS, Guttmann D (2004) Part I: Arthroscopic management of tibial plateau fractures. Arthroscopy 20:1063–1070

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  91. Marcacci M, Kon E, Marchesini L (2005) Autologe Chondrozytentransplantation mit arthroskopischer Technik. Arthroskopie 18:213–218

    Article  Google Scholar 

  92. Markolf KL, Mcallister DR, Young CR et al (2003) Biomechanical effects of medial-lateral tibial tunnel placement in posterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. J Orthop Res 21:177–182

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  93. Marzo JM, Gurske-Deperio J (2009) Effects of medial meniscus posterior horn avulsion and repair on tibiofemoral contact area and peak contact pressure with clinical implications. Am J Sports Med 37:124–129

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  94. Mehling AP, Stein T, Scheld M et al (2010) Behandlungsalgorithmus für die akute, isolierte hintere Kreuzbandverletzung. DKOU Kongress, Berlin

  95. Meyers MH, Mckeever FM (1970) Fracture of the intercondylar eminence of the tibia. J Bone Joint Surg Am 52:1677–1684

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  96. Miller MD, Johnson DL, Harner CD et al (1993) Posterior cruciate ligament injuries. Orthop Rev 22:1201–1210

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  97. Mithoefer K, Mcadams T, Williams RJ et al (2009) Clinical efficacy of the microfracture technique for articular cartilage repair in the knee: an evidence-based systematic analysis. Am J Sports Med 37:2053–2063

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  98. Moore TM (1981) Fracture – dislocation of the knee. Clin Orthop Relat Res 156:128–140

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  99. Moseley JB, O’Malley K, Petersen NJ et al (2002) A controlled trial of arthroscopic surgery for osteoarthritis of the knee. N Engl J Med 347:81–88

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  100. Muellner T, Egkher A, Nikolic A et al (1999) Open meniscal repair: clinical and magnetic resonance imaging findings after twelve years. Am J Sports Med 27:16–20

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  101. Müller-Rath R, Ingenhoven E (2011) Meniskusteilresektion. Arthroskopie 24:15–21

    Article  Google Scholar 

  102. Musahl V, Jordan SS, Colvin AC et al (2010) Practice patterns for combined anterior cruciate ligament and meniscal surgery in the United States. Am J Sports Med 38:918–923

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  103. Musahl V, Bedi A, Citak M et al (2011) Effect of single-bundle and double-bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstructions on pivot-shift kinematics in anterior cruciate ligament- and meniscus-deficient knees. Am J Sports Med 39:289–295

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  104. Nakamura N, Horibe S, Sasaki S et al (2002) Evaluation of active knee flexion and hamstring strength after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using hamstring tendons. Arthroscopy 18:598–602

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  105. Nielsen S, Helmig P (1986) The static stabilizing function of the popliteal tendon in the knee. An experimental study. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 104:357–362

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  106. Nordentoft S (1912) Über Endoskopie geschlossener Cavitäten mittels meines Trokart-Endoskops. Verh Dtsch Ges Chir 1912:78–81

    Google Scholar 

  107. Noyes FR, Stowers SF, Grood ES et al (1993) Posterior subluxations of the medial and lateral tibiofemoral compartments. An in vitro ligament sectioning study in cadaveric knees. Am J Sports Med 21:407–414

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  108. Ogata K, Mccarthy JA, Dunlap J et al (1988) Pathomechanics of posterior sag of the tibia in posterior cruciate deficient knees. An experimental study. Am J Sports Med 16:630–636

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  109. Outerbridge RE (1961) The etiology of chondromalacia patellae. J Bone Joint Surg Br 43-B:752–757

    Google Scholar 

  110. Pagnani MJ, Cooper DE, Warren RF (1991) Extrusion of the medial meniscus. Arthroscopy 7:297–300

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  111. Petersen W, Zantop T (2006) Biomechanik des hinteren Kreuzbandes und der hinteren Instabilität. Arthroskopie 19:207–214

    Article  Google Scholar 

  112. Petersen W, Zantop T (2007) Anatomy of the anterior cruciate ligament with regard to its two bundles. Clin Orthop Relat Res 454:35–47

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  113. Peterson L, Minas T, Brittberg M et al (2000) Two- to 9-year outcome after autologous chondrocyte transplantation of the knee. Clin Orthop Relat Res 374:212–234

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  114. Petrigliano FA, Mcallister DR (2006) Isolated posterior cruciate ligament injuries of the knee. Sports Med Arthrosc 14:206–212

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  115. Piontek T, Ciemniewska-Gorzela K, Szulc A et al (2011) All-arthroscopic AMIC procedure for repair of cartilage defects of the knee. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc Sep 11. [Epub ahead of print]

  116. Pridie K (1959) A method of resurfacing osteoarthritic knee joints J Bone Joint Surg Br 41:618–619

    Google Scholar 

  117. Race A, Amis AA (1994) The mechanical properties of the two bundles of the human posterior cruciate ligament. J Biomech 27:13–24

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  118. Race A, Amis AA (1996) Loading of the two bundles of the posterior cruciate ligament: an analysis of bundle function in a-P drawer. J Biomech 29:873–879

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  119. Race A, Amis AA (1998) PCL reconstruction. In vitro biomechanical comparison of ‚isometric‘ versus single and double-bundled ‚anatomic‘ grafts. J Bone Joint Surg Br 80:173–179

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  120. Renstrom P, Johnson RJ (1990) Anatomy and biomechanics of the menisci. Clin Sports Med 9:523–538

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  121. Reynders P, Reynders K, Broos P (2002) Pediatric and adolescent tibial eminence fractures: arthroscopic cannulated screw fixation. J Trauma 53:49–54

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  122. Richards DP, Barber FA, Herbert MA (2008) Meniscal tear biomechanics: loads across meniscal tears in human cadaveric knees. Orthopedics 31:347–350

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  123. Rodkey WG, Dehaven KE, Montgomery WH, III et al (2008) Comparison of the collagen meniscus implant with partial meniscectomy. A prospective randomized trial. J Bone Joint Surg Am 90:1413–1426

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  124. Rodrigo J, Steadman J, Silliman J (1994) Improvement of full-thickness chondral defect healing in the human knee after debridement and microfracture using continuous passive motion. Am J Knee Surg 7:109–116

    Google Scholar 

  125. Saris DB, Vanlauwe J, Victor J et al (2008) Characterized chondrocyte implantation results in better structural repair when treating symptomatic cartilage defects of the knee in a randomized controlled trial versus microfracture. Am J Sports Med 36:235–246

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  126. Schatzker J (1992) Tibial plateau fractures. In: Browner BD, Jupiter JP, Levine AM, Trafton PG (Hrsg) Skeletal trauma. Saunders, Philadelphia, S 1745–1770

  127. Scheffler S (2011) Allogene Meniskustransplantation. Arthroskopie 24:36–41

    Article  Google Scholar 

  128. Scheffler SU, Sudkamp NP, Gockenjan A et al (2002) Biomechanical comparison of hamstring and patellar tendon graft anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction techniques: the impact of fixation level and fixation method under cyclic loading. Arthroscopy 18:304–315

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  129. Schulz MS, Russe K, Weiler A et al (2003) Epidemiology of posterior cruciate ligament injuries. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 123:186–191

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  130. Senekovic V, Veselko M (2003) Anterograde arthroscopic fixation of avulsion fractures of the tibial eminence with a cannulated screw: five-year results. Arthroscopy 19:54–61

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  131. Seon JK, Park SJ, Lee KB et al (2009) A clinical comparison of screw and suture fixation of anterior cruciate ligament tibial avulsion fractures. Am J Sports Med 37:2334–2339

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  132. Sethi PM, Cooper A, Jokl P (2003) Technical tips in orthopaedics: meniscal repair with use of an in situ fibrin clot. Arthroscopy 19:E44

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  133. Setton LA, Guilak F, Hsu EW et al (1999) Biomechanical factors in tissue engineered meniscal repair. Clin Orthop Relat Res [Suppl] 367:S254–S272

    Google Scholar 

  134. Shelbourne K, Davis T (1999) The natural history of acute, isolated, nonoperatively treated posterior cruciate ligament injuries. Am J Sports Med 27(3):276–283

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  135. Shelbourne KD, Muthukaruppan Y (2005) Subjective results of nonoperatively treated, acute, isolated posterior cruciate ligament injuries. Arthroscopy 21:457–461

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  136. Siebold R (2011) The concept of complete footprint restoration with guidelines for single- and double-bundle ACL reconstruction. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 19:699–706

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  137. Siparsky P, Ryzewicz M, Peterson B et al (2007) Arthroscopic treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee: are there any evidence-based indications? Clin Orthop Relat Res 455:107–112

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  138. Steadman JR, Rodkey WG, Briggs KK et al (1999) [The microfracture technic in the management of complete cartilage defects in the knee joint]. Orthopade 28:26–32

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  139. Steadman JR, Briggs KK, Rodrigo JJ et al (2003) Outcomes of microfracture for traumatic chondral defects of the knee: average 11-year follow-up. Arthroscopy 19:477–484

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  140. Steckel H, Musahl V, Fu FH (2010) The femoral insertions of the anteromedial and posterolateral bundles of the anterior cruciate ligament: a radiographic evaluation. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 18:52–55

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  141. Stein T, Mehling AP, Welsch F et al (2010) Long-term outcome after arthroscopic meniscal repair versus arthroscopic partial meniscectomy for traumatic meniscal tears. Am J Sports Med 38:1542–1548

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  142. Stone KR, Rodkey WG, Webber R et al (1992) Meniscal regeneration with copolymeric collagen scaffolds. In vitro and in vivo studies evaluated clinically, histologically, and biochemically. Am J Sports Med 20:104–111

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  143. Streich NA, Friedrich K, Gotterbarm T et al (2008) Reconstruction of the ACL with a semitendinosus tendon graft: a prospective randomized single blinded comparison of double-bundle versus single-bundle technique in male athletes. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 16:232–238

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  144. Strobel MJ, Weiler A (2006) Therapie der chronischen HKB-Läsion. Arthroskopie 19:243–257

    Article  Google Scholar 

  145. Strobel MJ, Weiler A, Eichhorn HJ (2000) Diagnosis and therapy of fresh and chronic posterior cruciate ligament lesions. Chirurg 71:1066–1081

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  146. Suomalainen P, Moisala AS, Paakkala A et al (2011) Double-bundle versus single-bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: randomized clinical and magnetic resonance imaging study with 2-year follow-up. Am J Sports Med 39:1615–1622

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  147. Takagi K (1933) Practical experience using Takagi’s arthroscope. Jpn Orthop Assoc 8:132

    Google Scholar 

  148. Tandogan RN, Taser O, Kayaalp A et al (2004) Analysis of meniscal and chondral lesions accompanying anterior cruciate ligament tears: relationship with age, time from injury, and level of sport. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 12:262–270

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  149. Tiderius CJ, Olsson LE, Leander P et al (2003) Delayed gadolinium-enhanced MRI of cartilage (dGEMRIC) in early knee osteoarthritis. Magn Reson Med 49:488–492

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  150. Tsai AG, Wijdicks CA, Walsh MP et al (2010) Comparative kinematic evaluation of all-inside single-bundle and double-bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: a biomechanical study. Am J Sports Med 38:263–272

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  151. Tsukada H, Ishibashi Y, Tsuda E et al (2005) A biomechanical comparison of repair techniques for anterior cruciate ligament tibial avulsion fracture under cyclic loading. Arthroscopy 21:1197–1201

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  152. Tuckman DV, Bravman JT, Lee SS et al (2006) Outcomes of meniscal repair: minimum of 2-year follow-up. Bull Hosp Jt Dis 63:100–104

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  153. Van Assche D, Staes F, Van Caspel D et al (2010) Autologous chondrocyte implantation versus microfracture for knee cartilage injury: a prospective randomized trial, with 2-year follow-up. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 18:486–495

    Article  Google Scholar 

  154. Van Eck CF, Lesniak BP, Schreiber VM et al (2010) Anatomic single- and double-bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction flowchart. Arthroscopy 26:258–268

    Article  Google Scholar 

  155. Van Eck C, Working Z, Fu F (2011) Current concepts in anatomic single- and double-bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Phys Sportsmed 39:140–148

    Google Scholar 

  156. Van Eck CF, Kopf S, Van Dijk CN et al (2011) Comparison of 3-dimensional notch volume between subjects with and subjects without anterior cruciate ligament rupture. Arthroscopy 27:1235–1241

    Article  Google Scholar 

  157. Verdonk R, Verdonk P, Huysse W et al (2011) Tissue ingrowth after implantation of a novel, biodegradable polyurethane scaffold for treatment of partial meniscal lesions. Am J Sports Med 39:774–782

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  158. Wagner H (1964) Surgical treatment of osteochondritis dissecans, a cause of arthritis deformans of the knee. Rev Chir Orthop Reparatrice Appar Mot 50:335–352

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  159. Warren RF (1985) Arthroscopic meniscus repair. Arthroscopy 1:170–172

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  160. Webber RJ, York JL, Vanderschilden JL et al (1989) An organ culture model for assaying wound repair of the fibrocartilaginous knee joint meniscus. Am J Sports Med 17:393–400

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  161. Woo SL, Hollis JM, Adams DJ et al (1991) Tensile properties of the human femur-anterior cruciate ligament-tibia complex. The effects of specimen age and orientation. Am J Sports Med 19:217–225

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  162. Woo SL, Kanamori A, Zeminski J et al (2002) The effectiveness of reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament with hamstrings and patellar tendon. A cadaveric study comparing anterior tibial and rotational loads. J Bone Joint Surg Am 84-A:907–914

    Google Scholar 

  163. Wouters DB, De Graaf JS, Hemmer PH et al (2011) The arthroscopic treatment of displaced tibial spine fractures in children and adolescents using meniscus arrows(R). Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 19:736–739

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  164. Yao J, Lancianese SL, Hovinga KR et al (2008) Magnetic resonance image analysis of meniscal translation and tibio-menisco-femoral contact in deep knee flexion. J Orthop Res 26:673–684

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  165. Yasuda K, Van Eck CF, Hoshino Y et al (2011) Anatomic single- and double-bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, part 1: basic science. Am J Sports Med 39:1789–1799

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  166. Zantop T, Petersen W (2009) Arthroscopic implantation of a matrix to cover large chondral defect during microfracture. Arthroscopy 25:1354–1360

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  167. Zantop T, Musahl V, Fu F (2005) Anatomische Rekonstruktion des vorderen Kreuzbandes. Arthroskopie 18:138–145

    Article  Google Scholar 

  168. Zantop T, Petersen W, Sekiya JK et al (2006) Anterior cruciate ligament anatomy and function relating to anatomical reconstruction. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 14:982–992

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  169. Zantop T, Herbort M, Raschke MJ et al (2007) The role of the anteromedial and posterolateral bundles of the anterior cruciate ligament in anterior tibial translation and internal rotation. Am J Sports Med 35:223–227

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  170. Zaricznyj B (1977) Avulsion fracture of the tibial eminence: treatment by open reduction and pinning. J Bone Joint Surg Am 59:1111–1114

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  171. Zawodny SR, Miller MD (2010) Complications of posterior cruciate ligament surgery. Sports Med Arthrosc 18:269–274

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

Download references

Interessenkonflikt

Der korrespondierende Autor gibt für sich und seine Koautoren an, dass kein Interessenkonflikt besteht.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to F. Welsch.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Welsch, F., Mehling, A., Stein, T. et al. Arthroskopische Verfahren am Kniegelenk. Trauma Berufskrankh 14, 34–45 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10039-012-1840-6

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10039-012-1840-6

Schlüsselwörter

Keywords

Navigation