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Table 2 Regressions results for levels of schooling years

From: Does migration depress regional human capital accumulation in the EU’s new member states? Theoretical and empirical evidenceFührt Migration zu niedrigeren regionalen Humankapital-Niveaus in den neuen Mitgliedstaaten der EU? Theoretische und empirische Evidenz

  Column 1
With E, w/o interaction, years, FE
Column 2
With E and interaction, w/o years, FE
Column 3
With years, w/o E, share7, interaction, FE
Column 4
With years and interaction, w/o E, share7, FE
Constant 2.526*** (0.066) 2.526*** (0.067) 2.703*** (0.041) 2.699*** (0.042)
GRP per inhabitant ≡ x1 0.012 (0.007) 0.013 (0.007) −0.015*** (0.004) −0.015*** (0.004)
GRP per inhabitant growth ≡ x2 −0.003*** (0.000) −0.003*** (0.000) −0.000 (0.001) −0.000 (0.001)
Share7 ≡ x3 0.738*** (0.132) 0.726*** (0.124)
Unemployment rate ≡ x4 −0.004 (0.003) −0.005 (0.003) −0.005** (0.002) −0.005** (0.002)
Youth unemployment rate ≡ x5 0.009*** (0.002) 0.009*** (0.003) 0.006*** (0.002) 0.006*** (0.002)
Gross fixed cap. form. ≡ x6 −0.005 (0.003) −0.005 (0.003) −0.002 (0.003) −0.002 (0.003)
Share 25–64 old ≡ x7 0.444*** (0.054) 0.448*** (0.054) 0.222*** (0.039) 0.222*** (0.036)
δ 0.114** (0.040) 0.120** (0.043) 0.160*** (0.042) 0.166*** (0.045)
Ε 0.004* (0.002) −0.023 (0.014)
Net migration rate ≡ m 0.000 (0.001) 0.001 (0.001) −0.002 (0.002) −0.006*** (0.002)
Ε * m −0.009 (0.005)
Migrants’ skills ≡ ς −0.005* (0.002) −0.005* (0.002) −0.003 (0.002) −0.003 (0.002)
2002 0.003*** (0.001) 0.016** (0.007)
2003 0.009*** (0.001) −0.009 (0.018)
2004 0.014*** (0.001) 0.051*** (0.014)
2005 0.019*** (0.002) 0.076*** (0.016)
2006 0.026*** (0.002) 0.053*** (0.009)
2007 0.030*** (0.003) 0.030*** (0.008)
2008 0.036*** (0.003) 0.041*** (0.011)
2009 0.041*** (0.004) 0.040** (0.013)
2010 0.044*** (0.003) 0.072*** (0.014)
m*2002 0.004* (0.002)
m*2003 −0.006 (0.006)
m*2004 0.012** (0.004)
m*2005 0.019*** (0.005)
m*2006 0.009*** (0.002)
m*2007 −0.000 (0.003)
m*2008 0.002 (0.004)
m*2009 −0.001 (0.005)
m*2010 0.009* (0.005)
Observations 510 510 510 510
R2-within 0.846 0.847 0.886 0.888
R2-between 0.592 0.593 0.190 0.190
R2-overall 0.629 0.632 0.316 0.317
Log likelihood 1938 1940 2016 2019
AIC −3853 −3853 −3994 −3982
BIC −3802 −3798 −3914 −3863
Hausman 92.83 (0.000) 83.79 (0.000) 104.05 (0.000) 116.57 (0.000)
Wooldridge 116.832 (0.000) 118.136 (0.000) 124.103 (0.000) 120.123 (0.000)
  1. Notes: FE is short for fixed effects, RE for random effects. Driscoll-Kraay standard errors are given in parentheses, stars indicate statistical significance levels, with “***” refereeing to 1%, “**” to 5% and “*” to 10%. AIC is the Akaike information criterion, BIC the Bayesian information criterion. Hausman and Wooldridge are the Hausman and Wooldridge test statistics with the respective p-value given in parentheses