Age structure and regional economic growth

Zusammenfassung

Die Europäischen Regionen unterscheiden sich deutlich in der Altersstruktur der Bevölkerung. Inwieweit dies Auswirkungen auf das regionale Pro-Kopf-Wachstum hat und ob dies Unterschiede im Wachstum zwischen Regionen erklärt, wird hier für die NUTS2 Regionen der EU 15 untersucht. Die räumlichen Regressionsanalysen brachten Evidenz, dass die Altersstruktur tatsächlich das regionale Pro-Kopf-Wachstum beeinflusst. Dies gilt auch nach der Kontrolle für länderspezifische Effekte. Den stärksten positiven Effekt besitzt die Alterkohorte der 30–44 Jährigen.

Abstract

European regions differ considerably in their population age structure. This implies the questions, whether a specific age structure is favorable for regional per capita output growth and whether differences in the age structure induce differences in per capita output growth between regions. To explore this questions we carried out a spatial econometrics cross-section analysis of the NUTS2 regions of the EU15. We found evidence that there is such a link and that spatial autocorrelation matters, even after controlling for country specific effects. The most significant growth effect is generated by the cohort of age 30–44.

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Additional information

We would like to thank Bernhard Wieland and the participants of the meeting of the Regionalökonomischer Ausschuss of the Verein für Socialpolitik, Kiel, October 2004.

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Brunow, S., Hirte, G. Age structure and regional economic growth. Jahrbuch für Regionalwissenschaft 26, 3–23 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10037-005-0075-4

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Keywords

  • demographics
  • age structure
  • regional growth
  • spatial econometrics

JEL number

  • J1
  • R11