Postponing the dynamical transition density using competing interactions

Abstract

Systems of dense spheres interacting through very short-ranged attraction are known from theory, simulations and colloidal experiments to exhibit dynamical reentrance. Their liquid state can thus be fluidized at higher densities than possible in systems with pure repulsion or with long-ranged attraction. A recent mean-field, infinite-dimensional calculation predicts that the dynamical arrest of the fluid can be further delayed by adding a longer-ranged repulsive contribution to the short-ranged attraction. We examine this proposal by performing extensive numerical simulations in a three-dimensional system. We first find the short-ranged attraction parameters necessary to achieve the densest liquid state, and then explore the parameter space for an additional longer-ranged repulsion that could further enhance reentrance. In the family of systems studied, no significant (within numerical accuracy) delay of the dynamical arrest is observed beyond what is already achieved by the short-ranged attraction. Possible explanations are discussed.

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Acknowledgements

This paper is dedicated to the late Bob Behringer, who has always been warm, wise and supportive to this junior colleague (PC). He will be sorely missed. We acknowledge funding from the Simons Foundation (Grant # 454937 to PC) and computer time of Duke Compute Cluster (DCC) and Extreme Science and Engineering Discovery Environment (XSEDE), supported by National Science Foundation Grant No. ACI-1548562.

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Correspondence to Joyjit Kundu.

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This article is part of the Topical Collection: In Memoriam of Robert P. Behringer.

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Charbonneau, P., Kundu, J. Postponing the dynamical transition density using competing interactions. Granular Matter 22, 55 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10035-020-0998-z

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Keywords

  • Disorder systems
  • Glass
  • Dynamical transition
  • Square-well
  • Square-shoulder
  • Dynamical criticality