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Granular Matter

, 20:15 | Cite as

Granular fluids with solid friction and heating

Original Paper
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Abstract

We perform large-scale molecular dynamics simulations to study heated granular fluids in three dimensions. Granular particles dissipate their kinetic energy due to solid frictional interaction with other particles. The velocity of each particle is perturbed by a uniformly-distributed random noise, which mimics the heating. At the early stage of evolution, the kinetic energy of the system decays with time and reaches a steady state at a later stage. The velocity distribution in the steady state shows a non-Gaussian distribution. This has been characterized by using the Sonine polynomial expansion for a wide range of densities. Particles show diffusive motion for densities below the jamming density \(\phi _\mathrm{J}\).

Keywords

Granular gases Friction Cooling 

Notes

Acknowledgements

PD acknowledges financial support from Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India. SP is grateful to UGC, India for support through an Indo-Israeli joint project. He is also grateful to DST, India for support through a J. C. Bose fellowship. The research of MS, Grant Number 839/14, was supported by the ISF within the ISF-UGC Joint Research Program Framework.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Physical SciencesJawaharlal Nehru UniversityNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Beverly and Raymond Sackler School of Physics and AstronomyTel Aviv UniversityRamat AvivIsrael
  3. 3.Faculty of EngineeringHolon Institute of TechnologyHolonIsrael

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