Skip to main content

Scene text detection via decoupled feature pyramid networks

Abstract

Detecting arbitrary shape scene texts is challenging mainly due to the varied aspect ratios, curves, and scales. In this paper, we propose a novel arbitrary shape scene text detection method via Decoupled Feature Pyramid Networks (DFPN) and regression-based linking (RegLink). Our innovative DFPN decouples the width and height of feature maps generated by FPN to enhance the discriminability of features for varied aspect ratios. As quadrilateral regression results cannot directly represent curve text, we propose a simple yet effective RegLink to link pixels into text instances because pixels in the same curve text have an identical target quadrilateral. Thus, our RegLink can extend the ability of the rotated rectangles text detector for detecting curve text. Besides, we propose a Feature Scale Module to enhance the robustness of features for varied scales. In this way, our method can effectively detect scene texts in arbitrary shapes. Meanwhile, experimental results on three publicly available challenging datasets demonstrate the effectiveness of our method. The code and model of our method is available at https://github.com/lmplayer/DFPN-master.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9
Fig. 10
Fig. 11

References

  1. Baek, Y., Lee, B., Han, D., Yun, S., Lee, H.: Character region awareness for text detection. In: CVPR, pp. 9365–9374 (2019)

  2. Chen, J., Lian, Z.: Textpolar: irregular scene text detection using polar representation. Int. J. Doc. Anal. Recognit. 24, 315–323 (2021)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Ch’ng, C., Chan, C.S., Liu, C.: Total-text: toward orientation robustness in scene text detection. Int. J. Doc. Anal. Recognit. 23(1), 31–52 (2020)

  4. Chng, C.K., Chan, C.S.: Total-text: a comprehensive dataset for scene text detection and recognition. In: ICDAR, pp. 935–942 (2017)

  5. Dai, Y., Huang, Z., Gao, Y., Xu, Y., Chen, K., Guo, J., Qiu, W.: Fused text segmentation networks for multi-oriented scene text detection. In: ICPR, pp. 3604–3609 (2018)

  6. Deng, D., Liu, H., Li, X., Cai, D. PixelLink: detecting scene text via instance segmentation. In: AAAI, pp. 6773–6780 (2018)

  7. Feng, W., He, W., Yin, F., Zhang, X.Y., Liu, C.L.: Textdragon: an end-to-end framework for arbitrary shaped text spotting. In: ICCV, pp. 9075–9084 (2019)

  8. He, K., Zhang, X., Ren, S., Sun, J.: Deep residual learning for image recognition. In: CVPR, pp. 770–778 (2016)

  9. He, K., Gkioxari, G., Dollár, P., Girshick, R.B.: Mask R-CNN. In: ICCV, pp. 2980–2988 (2017)

  10. He, W., Zhang, X.Y., Yin, F., Liu, C.L.: Deep direct regression for multi-oriented scene text detection. In: ICCV, pp. 745–753 (2017)

  11. Hou, J., Zhu, X., Liu, C., Sheng, K., Wu, L., Wang, H., Yin, X.: HAM: hidden anchor mechanism for scene text detection. IEEE Trans. Image Process. 29, 7904–7916 (2020)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Karatzas, D., Shafait, F., Uchida, S., Iwamura, M.B, et al.: ICDAR 2013 robust reading competition. In: ICDAR, IEEE, United States, vol. 1, pp. 1484–1493 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1109/ICDAR.2013.221

  13. Karatzas, D., Gomez-Bigorda, L., Nicolaou, A., Ghosh, S.K., et al.: ADB ICDAR 2015 competition on robust reading. In: ICDAR, pp. 1156–1160 (2015)

  14. Kingma, D.P., Ba, J.: Adam: a method for stochastic optimization. CoRR abs/1412.6980 (2014)

  15. Kuang, Z., Sun, H., Li, Z., Yue, X., Lin, T.H., Chen, J., Wei, H., Zhu, Y., Gao, T., Zhang, W., Chen, K., Zhang, W., Lin, D.: MMOCR: a comprehensive toolbox for text detection, recognition and understanding. In: ACM MM, pp. 3791–3794 (2021)

  16. Liao, M., Shi, B., Bai, X.: Textboxes++: a single-shot oriented scene text detector. IEEE Trans. Image Process. 27(8), 3676–3690 (2018)

    MathSciNet  Article  Google Scholar 

  17. Liao, M., Pang, G., Huang, J., Hassner, T., Bai, X.: Mask textspotter v3: segmentation proposal network for robust scene text spotting. In: ECCV, pp. 706–722 (2020)

  18. Liao, M., Wan, Z., Yao, C., Chen, K., Bai, X.: Real-time scene text detection with differentiable binarization. In: AAAI, pp. 11474–11481 (2020)

  19. Liao, M., Lyu, P., He, M., Yao, C., Wu, W., Bai, X.: Mask textspotter: an end-to-end trainable neural network for spotting text with arbitrary shapes. IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 43(2), 532–548 (2021)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  20. Lin, T., Dollár, P., Girshick, R.B., He, K., Hariharan, B., Belongie, S.J.: Feature pyramid networks for object detection. In: CVPR, pp. 936–944 (2017)

  21. Liu, S., Huang, D., Wang, Y.: Receptive field block net for accurate and fast object detection. In: ECCV, pp. 404–419 (2018)

  22. Liu, W., Anguelov, D., Erhan, D., Szegedy, C., Reed, S.E., Fu, C., Berg, A.C.: SSD: single shot multibox detector. In: ECCV, pp. 21–37 (2016)

  23. Liu, X., Liang, D., Yan, S., Chen, D., Qiao, Y., Yan, J.: FOTS: fast oriented text spotting with a unified network. In: CVPR, pp. 5676–5685 (2018)

  24. Liu, X., Meng, G., Pan, C.: Scene text detection and recognition with advances in deep learning: a survey. Int. J. Doc. Anal. Recognit. 22(2), 143–162 (2019)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  25. Liu, Y., Chen, H., Shen, C., He, T., Jin, L., Wang, L.: Abcnet: real-time scene text spotting with adaptive bezier-curve network. In: CVPR, pp. 9806–9815 (2020)

  26. Liu, Z., Lin, G., Yang, S., Liu, F., Lin, W., Goh, W.L.: Towards robust curve text detection with conditional spatial expansion. In: CVPR, pp. 7269–7278 (2019)

  27. Long, J., Shelhamer, E., Darrell, T.: Fully convolutional networks for semantic segmentation. In: CVPR, pp. 3431–3440 (2015)

  28. Long, S., Ruan, J., Zhang, W., He, X., Wu, W., Yao, C.: Textsnake: a flexible representation for detecting text of arbitrary shapes. In: ECCV, pp. 19–35 (2018)

  29. Lyu, P., Liao, M., Yao, C., Wu, W., Bai, X.: Mask TextSpotter: an end-to-end trainable neural network for spotting text with arbitrary shapes. In: ECCV, pp. 71–88 (2018)

  30. Lyu, P., Yao, C., Wu, W., Yan, S., Bai, X.: Multi-oriented scene text detection via corner localization and region segmentation. In: (CVPR), pp. 7553–7563 (2018)

  31. Ma, J., Shao, W., Ye, H., Wang, L., Wang, H., Zheng, Y., Xue, X.: Arbitrary-oriented scene text detection via rotation proposals. IEEE Trans. Multimed. 20(11), 3111–3122 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1109/TMM.2018.2818020

    Article  Google Scholar 

  32. Nayef, N., Yin, F., Bizid, I., Choi, H., Feng, Y., Karatzas, D., et al.: ZL ICDAR2017 robust reading challenge on multi-lingual scene text detection and script identification—RRC-MLT. In: ICDAR, pp. 1454–1459 (2017)

  33. Redmon, J., Farhadi, A.: YOLO9000: better, faster, stronger. In: CVPR, pp. 6517–6525 (2017)

  34. Redmon, J., Divvala, S.K., Girshick, R.B., Farhadi, A.: You only look once: unified, real-time object detection. In: CVPR, pp. 779–788 (2016)

  35. Ren, S., He, K., Girshick, R.B., Sun, J.: Faster R-CNN: towards real-time object detection with region proposal networks. IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 39(6), 1137–1149 (2017)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  36. Shi, B., Bai, X., Belongie, S.J.: Detecting oriented text in natural images by linking segments. In: CVPR, pp. 3482–3490 (2017)

  37. Shrivastava, A., Gupta, A., Girshick, R.B.: Training region-based object detectors with online hard example mining. In: CVPR, pp. 761–769 (2016)

  38. Tian, S., Yin, X., Su, Y., Hao, H.: A unified framework for tracking based text detection and recognition from web videos. IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 40(3), 542–554 (2018)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  39. Tian, Z., Huang, W., He, T., He, P., Qiao, Y.: Detecting text in natural image with connectionist text proposal network. In: ECCV, pp. 56–72 (2016)

  40. Tian, Z., Shu, M., Lyu, P., Li, R., Zhou, C., Shen, X., Jia, J.: Learning shape-aware embedding for scene text detection. In: CVPR, pp. 4234–4243 (2019)

  41. Wang, H., Lu, P., Zhang, H., Yang, M., Bai, X., Xu, Y., He, M., Wang, Y., Liu, W.: All you need is boundary: toward arbitrary-shaped text spotting. In: AAAI, pp. 12160–12167 (2020)

  42. Wang, W., Xie, E., Li, X., Hou, W., Lu, T., Yu, G., Shao, S.: Shape robust text detection with progressive scale expansion network. In: CVPR, pp. 9336–9345 (2019)

  43. Wang, W., Xie, E., Song, X., Zang, Y., Wang, W., Lu, T., Yu, G., Shen, C.: Efficient and accurate arbitrary-shaped text detection with pixel aggregation network. In: ICCV, pp. 8439–8448 (2019)

  44. Wang, X., Jiang, Y., Luo, Z., Liu, C.L., Choi, H., Kim, S.: Arbitrary shape scene text detection with adaptive text region representation. In: CVPR, pp. 6449–6458 (2019)

  45. Wang, Y., Xie, H., Zha, Z.J., Xing, M., Fu, Z., Zhang, Y.: Contournet: taking a further step toward accurate arbitrary-shaped scene text detection. In: CVPR, pp. 11750–11759 (2020)

  46. Xie, L., Liu, Y., Jin, L., Xie, Z.: Derpn: taking a further step toward more general object detection. In: AAAI, pp. 9046–9053 (2019)

  47. Xu, Y., Wang, Y., Zhou, W., Wang, Y., Yang, Z., Bai, X.: Textfield: learning a deep direction field for irregular scene text detection. IEEE Trans. Image Process. 28(11), 5566–5579 (2019)

    MathSciNet  Article  Google Scholar 

  48. Xue, C., Lu, S., Zhan, F.: Accurate scene text detection through border semantics awareness and bootstrapping. In: ECCV, pp. 370–387 (2018)

  49. Yang, C., Yin, X., Pei, W., Tian, S., Zuo, Z., Zhu, C., Yan, J.: Tracking based multi-orientation scene text detection: a unified framework with dynamic programming. IEEE Trans. Image Process. 26(7), 3235–3248 (2017)

    MathSciNet  Article  Google Scholar 

  50. Yang, Q., Cheng, M., Zhou, W., Chen, Y., Qiu, M., Lin, W.: Inceptext: a new inception-text module with deformable PSROI pooling for multi-oriented scene text detection. In: IJCAI, pp. 1071–1077 (2018)

  51. Yao, C., Bai, X., Liu, W., Ma, Y., Tu, Z.: Detecting texts of arbitrary orientations in natural images. In: CVPR, pp. 1083–1090 (2012)

  52. Yao, C., Bai, X., Liu, W.: A unified framework for multioriented text detection and recognition. IEEE Trans. Image Process. 23(11), 4737–4749 (2014)

    MathSciNet  Article  Google Scholar 

  53. Ye, Q., Doermann, D.S.: Text detection and recognition in imagery: a survey. IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 37(7), 1480–1500 (2015)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  54. Yin, X., Yin, X., Huang, K., Hao, H.: Robust text detection in natural scene images. IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 36(5), 970–983 (2014)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  55. Yin, X., Pei, W., Zhang, J., Hao, H.: Multi-orientation scene text detection with adaptive clustering. IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 37(9), 1930–1937 (2015)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  56. Yin, X., Zuo, Z., Tian, S., Liu, C.: Text detection, tracking and recognition in video: a comprehensive survey. IEEE Trans. Image Process. 25(6), 2752–2773 (2016)

    MathSciNet  Article  Google Scholar 

  57. Yu, F., Koltun, V.: Multi-scale context aggregation by dilated convolutions. In: ICLR (2016)

  58. Yu, J., Jiang, Y., Wang, Z., Cao, Z., Huang, T.S.: Unitbox: an advanced object detection network. In: ACM MM, pp. 516–520 (2016)

  59. Zhang, C., Liang, B., Huang, Z., En, M., Han, J., Ding, E., Ding, X.: Look more than once: an accurate detector for text of arbitrary shapes. In: CVPR, pp. 10552–10561 (2019)

  60. Zhou, X., Yao, C., Wen, H., Wang, Y., Zhou, S., He, W., Liang, J.: EAST: an efficient and accurate scene text detector. In: CVPR, pp. 2642–2651 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1109/CVPR.2017.283

  61. Zhu, X., Li, Z., Li, X., Li, S., Dai, F.: Attention-aware perceptual enhancement nets for low-resolution image classification. Inf. Sci. 515, 233–247 (2020)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  62. Zhu, Y., Du, J.: Textmountain: accurate scene text detection via instance segmentation. Pattern Recogn. 110, 107336 (2021)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  63. Zhu, Y., Chen, J., Liang, L., Kuang, Z., Jin, L., Zhang, W.: Fourier contour embedding for arbitrary-shaped text detection. In: CVPR, pp. 3123–3131 (2021)

Download references

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (2020AAA09701), National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars (62125601), National Natural Science Foundation of China (62076024, 62172035, 62006018, 61806017).

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Xiaobin Zhu.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Liang, M., Hou, JB., Zhu, X. et al. Scene text detection via decoupled feature pyramid networks. IJDAR 25, 163–175 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10032-022-00397-5

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Revised:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10032-022-00397-5

Keywords

  • Scene text detection
  • Multi-oriented text
  • Curve text
  • Decoupled feature pyramid networks