Hernia

, Volume 22, Issue 2, pp 303–309 | Cite as

Outcomes of utilizing absorbable mesh as an adjunct to posterior sheath closure during complex posterior component separation

  • J. S. Winder
  • A. Majumder
  • M. Fayezizadeh
  • Y. W. Novitsky
  • E. M. Pauli
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Abstract

Background

A minority of patients undergoing posterior component separation (PCS) have abdominal wall defects that preclude complete reconstruction of the visceral sac with native tissue. The use of absorbable mesh bridges (AMB) to span such defects has not been established. We hypothesized that AMB use during posterior sheath closure of PCS is safe and provides favorable outcomes.

Methods

We performed a retrospective review of consecutive patients undergoing PCS with AMB at two hernia centers. Main outcome measures included demographics, comorbidities, and post-operative complications.

Results

36 patients were identified. Post-operative wound complications included five surgical site infections. At a median of 27 months, there were five recurrent hernias (13.9%), 2 of which were parastomal, but no episodes of intestinal obstruction/fistula.

Conclusions

Utilization of AMB for large posterior layer deficits results in acceptable rates of perioperative wound morbidity, effective PCS repairs, and does not increase intestinal morbidity or fistula formation.

Keywords

Transversus abdominis release Abdominal wall reconstruction Hernia Component separation Mesh 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We would like to thank John D. Potochny, M.D. for the artwork he provided for this article.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

JSW, AM, and MF have no conflicts of interest to disclose. YWN is a paid consultant for C. R. Bard, Inc and Cooper Surgical, Inc and has received research support from C. R. Bard, Inc. EMP is a paid consultant for W.L. Gore & Associates, Inc, Cook Group Inc, and has received research support from Cook Group Inc and Miromatrix Medical Inc.

Ethical approval

After receiving institutional review board approval at each of the two institutions, we performed a retrospective review of prospectively maintained databases of patients undergoing ventral hernia repair at two hernia centers (Penn State Hershey Medical Center, Hershey, PA, USA; University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center, Cleveland, OH). We included all patients who underwent PCS from 2011 to 2015 who required an AMB for posterior layer reconstruction.

Human and animal rights

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all patients prior to all surgical procedures.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag France SAS, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. S. Winder
    • 1
  • A. Majumder
    • 2
  • M. Fayezizadeh
    • 2
  • Y. W. Novitsky
    • 2
  • E. M. Pauli
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of General SurgeryPenn State Milton S. Hershey Medical CenterHersheyUSA
  2. 2.Cleveland Comprehensive Hernia Center, University Hospitals Cleveland Medical CenterCase Western Reserve UniversityClevelandUSA

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