Prognostic factors of postoperative morbidity and mortality in strangulated groin hernia

Abstract

Objective

Strangulated groin hernia is a serious surgical emergency, as it is associated with high morbidity and mortality (2.6–9 %). This retrospective study aimed to find significant prognostic factors of postoperative morbidity and mortality.

Methods

From January 2000 to August 2011, we analyzed all patients who had undergone surgery in emergency for strangulated groin hernia. Forty-nine patients out of 2,917 were operated on strangulated groin hernia in an emergency.

Results

The occurrence of strangulated hernia during this period was 1.7 %. Thirty patients out of 49 had inguinal (61.2 %) and 19 femoral (38.8 %) strangulated hernias. The median age was 68.9 years ± 15.3. Patients with strangulated femoral hernia were significantly older than those with inguinal hernia (P = 0.03). There was a significant predominance of men in the inguinal hernia group and a female predominance in the femoral hernia group (P = 0.001). An additional exploration was performed on 12 patients (24.5 %). This exploration was done through a midline laparotomy in 8 patients, a laparoscopy in a single patient and the hernioscopy technique was beneficial in exploring the peritoneal cavity in 3 patients. Intestinal resection was necessary in 10.2 %. In our experience, 50 % of midline laparotomies were performed without any intestinal resection. Fisher’s test identified midline laparotomy as the only prognostic factor of postoperative morbidity.

Conclusion

First intention exploratory laparotomy in strangulated hernia surgery was, in our study, a major cause of postoperative complication.

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Correspondence to B. Romain.

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Romain, B., Chemaly, R., Meyer, N. et al. Prognostic factors of postoperative morbidity and mortality in strangulated groin hernia. Hernia 16, 405–410 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10029-012-0937-y

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Keywords

  • Strangulated hernia
  • Midline laparotomy
  • Hernioscopy
  • Laparoscopy
  • Complications