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Dislocation of three segments of the liver due to hernia of the right diaphragm

Report of a case and review of the literature

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Right diaphragmatic hernia is a rare injury (0.25–1%) following blunt abdominal trauma. The diagnosis may be delayed and achieved years after the trauma during laparotomies for other reasons. A 75-year-old male fell 6 years before, and was symptom-free since then. He was admitted to the hospital for abdominal pain, and chest X-rays revealed intestinal gas in the lower right thoracal region. Abdominal ultrasonography showed agenesis of the gallbladder, and computed tomography demonstrated that the right upper abdominal viscera were located in the vicinity of the heart. The patient underwent a laparotomy for right diaphragmatic hernia, and the right hepatic lobe and the medial segment of the left lobe, the gall bladder, the proximal part of the transverse colon, the omentum and some segments of the intestine were dislocated into the thoracal cavity by a tear in the right diaphragm. The organs were returned to the abdominal cavity uneventfully and the defect in the diaphragm, measuring 10 × 5 cm, was repaired by unabsorbable sutures. The diagnosis, surgical treatment and postoperative course of the right diaphragmatic hernia is discussed with a review of the literature.

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Correspondence to Y. Peker.

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Peker, Y., Tatar, F., Kahya, M.C. et al. Dislocation of three segments of the liver due to hernia of the right diaphragm. Hernia 11, 63–65 (2007).

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