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In a rapidly changing world, the question concerning the “right” balance between modeling and empirical work has never been more important. But achieving that balance is not just a matter of student training—it involves examining the incentives in, and structures of, the discipline as a whole.

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I thank Charles Perrings for insightful comments on an earlier version of this paper.

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Correspondence to Ann P. Kinzig.

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Kinzig, A.P. On Achieving Balance. Ecosystems 20, 253–258 (2017).

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