Dryland Riparian Ecosystems in the American Southwest: Sensitivity and Resilience to Climatic Extremes

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Figure 1
Figure 2

References

  1. Baillie MN, Hogan JF, Ekwurzel B, Wahi AK, Eastoe CJ. 2007. Quantifying water sources to a semiarid riparian ecosystem, San Pedro River, Arizona. Journal of Geophysical Research 112, G03S02. doi:10.1029/2006JG000263.

  2. Boudell JA, Stromberg JC. 2008. Propagule banks: potential contribution to restoration of an impounded and dewatered riparian ecosystem. Wetlands 28:656–65.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Brand LA, Stromberg JC, Goodrich DC, Dixon MD, Lansey K, Kang D, Brookshire DS, Cerasale DJ. 2011. Projecting avian response to linked change in groundwater and riparian floodplain vegetation along a dryland river: a scenario analysis. Ecohydrology 4:130–42.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Brand LA, Stromberg JC, Noon BR. 2010. Avian density and nest survival on the San Pedro River: importance of vegetation type and hydrologic regime. Journal of Wildlife Management 74:739–54.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Dominguez F, Rivera E, Lettenmaier DP, Castro CL. 2012. Changes in winter precipitation extremes for the western United States under a warmer climate as simulated by regional climate models. Geophysical Research Letters 39:L05803. doi:10.1029/2011GL050762.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Friedman JM, Lee VJ. 2002. Extreme floods, channel change, and riparian forests along ephemeral streams. Ecological Monographs 72:409–25.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Garfin G, Lenart M. 2007. Climate change effects on Southwest water resources. Southwest Hydrology 6(16–17):34.

    Google Scholar 

  8. Greenwood MJ, McIntosh AR. 2010. Low river flow alters the biomass and population structure of a riparian predatory invertebrate. Freshwater Biology 55:2062–76.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Hirschboeck KK. 2009. Flood flows of the San Pedro River. In: Stromberg JC, Tellman B, Eds. Ecology and conservation of the San Pedro River. Tucson: University of Arizona Press. pp 300–12.

    Google Scholar 

  10. Huntington TG. 2006. Evidence for intensification of the global water cycle: review and synthesis. Journal of Hydrology 319:83–95.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. IPCC. 2007. IPCC fourth assessment report: climate change 2007 (AR4). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  12. Jobbágy EG, Nosetto MD, Villagra PE, Jackson RB. 2011. Water subsidies from mountains to deserts: their role in sustaining groundwater-fed oases in a sandy landscape. Ecological Applications 21:678–94.

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Katz G, Denslow MW, Stromberg JC. 2012. The Goldilocks effect: intermittent streams sustain more plant species than those with perennial or ephemeral flow. Freshwater Biology 57:467–80.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. Kingsford R, Ed. 2006. Ecology of desert rivers. New York: Cambridge University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  15. Lite SJ, Bagstad KJ, Stromberg JC. 2005. Riparian plant species richness along lateral and longitudinal gradients of water stress and flood disturbance, San Pedro River, Arizona, USA. Journal of Arid Environments 63:785–813.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. Lytle DA, Merritt DM. 2004. Hydrologic regimes and riparian forests: a structured population model for cottonwood. Ecology 85:2493–503.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  17. McCluney KE, Sabo JL. 2009. Water availability directly determines per capita consumption at two trophic levels. Ecology 90:1463–9.

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  18. McCluney KE, Sabo JL. 2012. River drying lowers the diversity and alters the composition of an assemblage of desert riparian arthropods. Freshwater Biology 57:91–103.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  19. Miller MS, Wilson KR, Andersen DC. 2003. Ord’s kangaroo rats living in floodplain habitats: factors contributing to habitat attraction. Southwestern Naturalist 48:411–18.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  20. Milly PCD, Betancourt J, Falkenmark M, Hirsch RM, Kundzewicz ZW, Lettenmaier DP, Stouffer RJ. 2008. Stationarity is dead: whither water management. Science 319:573–4.

    PubMed  Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  21. Nakano S, Murakami M. 2001. Reciprocal subsidies: dynamic interdependence between terrestrial and aquatic food webs. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 98:166–70.

    PubMed  Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  22. Nilsson C, Brown RL, Jansson R, Merritt DM. 2010. The role of hydrochory in structuring riparian and wetland vegetation. Biological Reviews 85:837–58.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  23. Noy-Meir I. 1973. Desert ecosystems. I. Environment and producers. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 4:25–52.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  24. Palmer MA, Lettenmaier DP, Poff NL, Postel SL, Richter B, Warner R. 2009. Climate change and river ecosystems: protection and adaptation options. Environmental Management 44:1053–68.

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  25. Patten DT. 1998. Riparian ecosystems of semi-arid North America: diversity and human impacts. Wetlands 18:498–512.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  26. Reynolds JF, Smith DM, Lambin EF, Turner BL, Mortimore M, Batterbury SP, Downing TE, Dowlatabadi H, Fernandez RJ, Herrick JE, Huber-Sannwald E, Jiang H, Leemans R, Lynam T, Maestre FT, Ayarza M, Walker B. 2007. Global desertification: building a science for dryland development. Science 316:847–51.

    PubMed  Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  27. Sabo JL, McCluney KE, Keller AC, Marusenko YY, Soykan CU. 2008. Greenfall links groundwater to aboveground food webs in desert river floodplains. Ecological Monographs 78:615–31.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  28. Sabo JL, Sponseller R, Dixon M, Gade K, Harms T, Heffernan J, Jani A, Katz G, Soykan C, Watts J, Welter A. 2005. Riparian zones increase regional species richness by harboring different, not more, species. Ecology 86:56–62.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  29. Seager R, Ting MF, Held I, Kushnir Y, Lu J, Vecchi G, Huang HP, Harnik N, Leetmaa A, Lau NC, Li CH, Velez J, Naik N. 2007. Model projections of an imminent transition to a more arid climate in southwestern North America. Science 316:1181–4.

    PubMed  Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  30. Simpson SC, Meixner T. 2012. The influence of local hydrogeologic forcings on near-stream event water recharge and retention (Upper San Pedro River, Arizona). Hydrological Processes (online early-view publication).

  31. Skagen SK, Melcher CP, Howe WH, Knopf FL. 1998. Comparative use of riparian corridors and oases by migrating birds in southeast Arizona. Conservation Biology 12:896–909.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  32. Sogge M, Sferra S, Paxton E. 2008. Saltcedar as habitat for birds: implications to riparian restoration in the southwestern United States. Restoration Ecology 16:146–54.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  33. Soykan CU, Sabo JL. 2009. Spatiotemporal food web dynamics along a desert riparian/upland transition. Ecography 32:354–68.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  34. Soykan CU, Brand LA, Ries L, Stromberg JC, Hass C, Simmons DA, Patterson WJD, Sabo JL. 2012. Multitaxonomic diversity patterns along a desert riparian–upland gradient. PLoS ONE 7:e28235.

    PubMed  Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  35. Stromberg JC, Lite SJ, Dixon MD. 2010. Effects of stream flow patterns on riparian vegetation of a semiarid river: implications for a changing climate. River Research and Applications 26:712–29.

    Google Scholar 

  36. Stromberg JC, Chew MK, Nagler PL, Glenn EP. 2009. Changing perceptions of change: the role of scientists in Tamarix and river management. Restoration Ecology 17:177–86.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  37. Stromberg JC, Tellman B. 2009. Ecology and conservation of the San Pedro River. Tucson: University of Arizona Press.

    Google Scholar 

  38. Stromberg JC, Beauchamp VB, Dixon MD, Lite SJ, Paradzick C. 2007. Importance of low-flow and high-flow characteristics to restoration of riparian vegetation along rivers in arid southwestern United States. Freshwater Biology 52:651–79.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  39. Turner RM, Webb RH, Bowers JE, Hastings JR. 2003. The changing mile revisited. Tucson: University of Arizona Press. p 334.

    Google Scholar 

  40. White J, Stromberg JC. 2009. Resilience, restoration, and riparian ecosystems: case study of a dryland, urban river. Restoration Ecology 17:1–11.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  41. Valeix M, Fritz H, Matsika R, Matsvimbo F, Madzikanda H. 2008. The role of water abundance, thermoregulation, perceived predation risk and interference competition in water access by African herbivores. African Journal of Ecology 46:402–10.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to J. C. Stromberg.

Additional information

Author Contributions

The article was co-written by J. Stromberg, K. McCluney, M. Dixon, and T. Meixner; all contributed text to the paper.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Stromberg, J.C., McCluney, K.E., Dixon, M.D. et al. Dryland Riparian Ecosystems in the American Southwest: Sensitivity and Resilience to Climatic Extremes. Ecosystems 16, 411–415 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10021-012-9606-3

Download citation

Keywords

  • Riparian Zone
  • Riparian Plant
  • Riparian Ecosystem
  • Behavioral Coping
  • Riparian Plant Community