Environmental Economics and Policy Studies

, Volume 14, Issue 4, pp 403–420 | Cite as

Energy from waste: generation potential and mitigation opportunity

  • Francesco BoselloEmail author
  • Lorenza Campagnolo
  • Fabio Eboli
  • Ramiro Parrado
Research Article Economics of Waste Management and Disposal: Decoupling, Policy Enforcement and Spatial Factors


The present research proposes a macroeconomic assessment of the role of waste incineration with energy recovery (WtE) and controlled landfill biogas to electricity generation and their potential contribution to a CO2 emission reduction policy, within a recursive-dynamic computable general equilibrium model. From the modeling viewpoint, introducing these energy sectors in such a framework required both the extension of the GTAP7 database and the improvement of the ICES production nested function. We focus our analysis on Italy as a signatory of the GHG reduction commitment of 20 % by 2020 with respect to 1990 levels proposed by the European Community; the rest of the world is represented by 21 geo-political countries/regions. It is shown that albeit in the near future WtE and landfill biogas will continue to represent a limited share of energy inputs in electricity sector (in Italy, around 2 % for WtE and 0.6 % for biogas in 2020), and they could play a role in a mitigation policy context. The GDP cost of the EU emission reduction target for the Italian economy can indeed be reduced by 1 % when the two energy generating options are available. In absolute terms, this translates into an annuitized value of 87–122 million €.


Climate change Mitigation Energy from waste 

JEL Classification

C68 E27 Q42 Q43 Q54 



Authors gratefully acknowledge Ecocerved and Unioncamere for the financial support of the present research, developed within the “E = mc2 − energy from waste: an assessment of the contribution to climate change mitigation policies in Italy” project (


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Copyright information

© Springer 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Francesco Bosello
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • Lorenza Campagnolo
    • 1
    • 4
  • Fabio Eboli
    • 1
    • 2
    • 4
  • Ramiro Parrado
    • 1
    • 2
    • 4
  1. 1.FEEM (Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei)VeniceItaly
  2. 2.CMCC (Euro-Mediterranean Center on Climate Change)LecceItaly
  3. 3.University of MilanMilanItaly
  4. 4.University of Venice Ca’ FoscariVeniceItaly

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