Advertisement

Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry

, Volume 21, Issue 9, pp 2687–2697 | Cite as

Chemical spray pyrolysis deposition of zinc sulphide thin films using ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid disodium salt complexant

  • P. O. OfforEmail author
  • Assumpta C. Nwanya
  • A. D. Omah
  • C. C. Daniel-Mkpume
  • Malik Maaza
  • B. A. Okorie
  • Fabian I. Ezema
Original Paper

Abstract

Zinc sulphide thin films were deposited by chemical spray pyrolysis technique. The films were deposited at substrate temperatures of 300, 350 and 400 °C using 0.1 M zinc chloride, 0.1 M thiourea and 0.01 M ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid disodium salt (EDTA). The films have moderate transmittance between 56.00 and 77.73% over visible range, and the band gap energy varies between 3.87 and 4.12 eV. The films have high values of refractive index in the range 1.67 to 2.71 at 550 nm. The X-ray diffraction analysis of the films shows the presence of hexagonal and cubic structures. The crystallite size ranges between 6.122 and 43.023 nm. The surface morphology is flower-like, sheet-like and island-shaped nanoclusters. Raman spectroscopy reveals the presence of first-order, second-order and third-order Raman phonons. The Fourier transform infrared spectra show the presence of chemical bonds in the thin films while photoluminescence shows near band edge emission. The contact angle indicated hydrophilic nature of the deposited ZnS thin films.

Keywords

Zinc sulphide EDTA Structure Morphology Optical properties 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors acknowledge the University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria and Shivaji University, Kolhapur, India, whose memorandum of understanding (MOU) made this research work possible. The authors also thank Engr. Emeka Okwuosa for the generous sponsorship of April 2014 and July 2016 conferences/workshops on the applications of nanotechnology to energy, health and environment and for financial support.

References

  1. 1.
    Yow-JonLin W-S (2016) Effects of sulfide treatment on the electrical, photoluminescent and structural properties of ZnS films. J Lumin 172:286–289CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Dizaji HR, Zava raki AJ, Ehsani MH (2011) Effect of thickness on the structural and optical properties of ZnS thin films prepared by flash evaporation technique equipped with modified feeder. Chalcogenide Letters 8:231–237.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Mu J, Zhang Y (2006) ZnS thin film prepared through a self-assembled thin film precursor route. Appl Surf Sci 252:7826–7829CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Rahchamani SZ, Dizaji HR, Ehsani MH (2015) Study of structural and optical properties of ZnS zigzag nanostructured thin films. Appl Surf Sci 356:1096–1104CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Saeed NM (2011) Structural and optical properties of ZnS thin films prepared by spray pyrolysis technique. Journal of Al-Nahrain University 14:86–92Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Chelvanathan P, Yusoff Y, Haque F, Akhtaruzzaman M, Alam MM, Alothman ZA, Rashid MJ, Sopian K, Amin N (2015) Growth and characterization of RF-sputtered ZnS thin film deposited at various substrate temperatures for photovoltaic application. Appl Surf Sci 334:138–144CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kumar SR, Veeravazhuthi V, Muthukumarasamy N, Thambidurai M, Shankar DV (2015) Effect of nickel doping on structural and optical properties of ZnS nanoparticles. Superlattice Microst 86:552–558CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Lisnevskaya IV, Bobrova IA, Lupeiko TG (2016) Synthesis of magnetic and multiferroic materials from polyvinyl alcohol-based gels. J Magn Magn Mater 397:86–95CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Roy P, Ota JR, Srivastava SK (2006) Crystalline ZnS thin films by chemical bath deposition method and its characterization. Thin Solid Films 515:1912–1917CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Bacha BK, Timoumi A, Bitri N, Bouzouita H (2015) Structural, morphological and optical properties of sprayed ZnS thin films on various substrate natures. Optik 126:3020–3024CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Elidrissi B, Addou M, Regragui M, Bougrine A, Kachouane A, Bernède JC (2001) Structure, composition and optical properties of ZnS thin films prepared by spray pyrolysis. Mater Chem Phys 68:175–179CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Agbo SN, Ezema FI (2007) Analysis of chemically deposited MnS thin films. Pacific Journal of Science and Technology 8:1–5Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ezema FI, Nnabuchi MN (2005) Optical characterization of chemical bath deposited bismuth sulphide (Bi2S4) thin films. Discov Innov 17:156–166Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Nasir EM (2014) Surface morphology and structural properties of ZnS and ZnS:Al thin films. International Journal of Innovative Research in Science Engineering and Technology 3:8114–8120Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Kulkarni SB, Patil UM, Salvnkhe RR, Joshi SS, Lokhande CD (2011) Temperature impact on morphological evolution of ZnO and its consequent effect on physico-chemical properties. J Alloys Compd 509:3486–3492CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Suguna P, Mangalaraj D, Narayandass SK, Meena P (1996) Structure, composition, dielectric, and AC conduction studies on tin selenide films. Phys Stat Sol (a) 155:405–416CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Offor PO, Okorie BA, Ezema FI, Aigbodion VS, Daniel-Mkpume CC, Omah AD (2015) Synthesis and characterization of nanocrystalline zinc sulphide thin films by chemical spray pyrolysis. J Alloys Compd 650:381–385CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Balamurugan D, Jeyapraskash BG, Chandramouli R (2012) Effects of temperature on the growth of ZnS thin films prepared by spray pyrolysis technique. J Appl Sci 12(16):1701–1705CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Ghribi F, El L Mir, Omri K, Djessas K (2016) Zinc sulfide thin films deposited by RF reactive sputtering from nanoparticles synthesized by hydrothermal route. Optik DOI:  10.1016/j.ijleo.2016.01.022.
  20. 20.
    Nien YT, Chen IG (2006) Raman scattering and electroluminescence of ZnS:Cu,Cl phosphor powder. Applied Physics Letters 89:261906-1 - 261906-3.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Vorobiev YV, Jiménez-Sandoval S, González-Hernández J (1999) Electrical and optical properties of semiconducting ZnS and ZnMnS ceramics prepared by self-propagating high temperature synthesis. Superficies y Vacio 8:37–41Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    G¨ode F (2011) Annealing temperature effect on the structural, optical and electrical properties of ZnS thin films. Physica B 406:1653–1659.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Kim SY, Hwang CS (2010) Syntheses and optical characterizations of ZnS:Mn nanocrystals capped by polyethylene oxide molecules of varying molecular weights. Bull Kor Chem Soc 31:3834–3837CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Kim JE, Hwang CS, Yoon S (2008) Synthesis and surface characterization by Raman spectroscopy of water-dispersible ZnS:Mn nanocrystals capped with mercaptoacetic acid. Bull Kor Chem Soc 29:1247–1249CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Dedova T, Krunks M, Volobujeva O, Oja I (2005) ZnS thin films deposited by spray pyrolysis technique. Phys Stat Sol (c) 2:1161–1166CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Nagamani K, Revathi N, Prathap P, Lingappa Y, Reddy KTR (2012) Al-doped ZnS layers synthesized by solution growth method. Curr Appl Phys 12:380–384CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Huang WH, Chan SW, Lee YC (2015) Optical properties of zinc sulphide thin movies prepared by spray pyrolysis. Fabreries Journal 4:35–40Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Ummartyotin S, Bunnak N, Juntaro J, Sain M, Manuspiya H (2012) Hybrid organic–inorganic of ZnS embedded Pvp nanocomposite film for photoluminescent application. C R Physique 13:994–1000CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Agarwal S, Patidar D, Saxena NS (2011) Effect of ZnS nanofiller and temperature on mechanical properties of poly(methyl methacrylate). J Appl Polym Sci 123:2431–2438CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Nasr TB, Kamoun N, Guasch C (2006) Structure, surface composition, and electronic properties of zinc sulphide thin films. Mater Chem Phys 96:84–89CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Das R, Pandey S (2011) Comparison of optical properties of bulk and nano crystalline thin films of CdS using different precursors. International Journal of Material Science 1:35–40Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Mansour BA, Shaban H, Gad SA, EL-Gendy YA, Salem AM (2010) Effect of film thickness, annealing and substrate temperature on the optical and electrical properties of CuGa0.25In0.75Se2. Journal of Ovonic Research 6:13–22Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Marquez E, Shaaban ER, Abousehly AM (2014) Structural and optical properties of ZnS thin films. Int J New Hor Phys 1(1):17–24Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Ezenwa IA, Elekalachi CI (2015) Transmittance spectra of ZnS thin film at varying concentration of zinc ion precursor. Physics Journal 1:320–324Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Osuji RU (2016) Lovely surprises in small packages: thin film photovoltaics. University of Nigeria Press Ltd, NsukkaGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Deepa K, Preetha KC, Murali KV, Dhany AC, Ragina AJ, Remadevi TL (2014) The effect of various complexing agents on the morphology and optoelectronic properties of chemically deposited ZnS thin films: a comparative study. Optik 125:5727–5732CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Pitchaimani K, Amalraj L, Muthukumaran S (2016) Microstructure, optical and structural characterization of Cd0.98Fe0.02S thin films co-doped with Zn by chemical bath deposition method. Physica E78:56–64CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Lohar GM, Shinde SK, Fulari VJ (2014) Structural, morphological, optical and photoluminescent properties of spray-deposited ZnSe thin film J Semicond 35:113001-113001-5.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Jasib AA, Yousif AA (2015) The Effect of thickness nanoparticle ZnS films on optical properties. International Journal of Basic and Applied Science 03:38–51Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Mohaideen HM, Saravanakumar K, Fareed SS, Kalvathee MMG, Raja JD (2015) Structural properties of zinc sulphide thin films deposited by SILAR method. J Chem Pharm Res 7:141–145Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Onwudiwe DC, Mohammed AD, Strydom CA, Young DA, Jordaan A (2014) Colloidal Synthesis of monodispersed ZnS and CdS nanocrystals from novel zinc and cadmium complexes. Superlattice Microst 70:98–108CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Ubale AU, Chipade KS, Bhute MV, Raut PP, Malpe GP, Sakhare YS, Belkhedkar MR (2012) Structural, optical and electrical properties of nanostructured CdS:CuS composite thin films grown by CBD method. International Journal of Materials and Chemistry 2:165–172CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. O. Offor
    • 1
    Email author
  • Assumpta C. Nwanya
    • 2
  • A. D. Omah
    • 1
  • C. C. Daniel-Mkpume
    • 1
  • Malik Maaza
    • 3
    • 4
  • B. A. Okorie
    • 1
  • Fabian I. Ezema
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Metallurgical and Materials EngineeringUniversity of NigeriaNsukkaNigeria
  2. 2.Department of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of NigeriaNsukkaNigeria
  3. 3.Nanosciences African Network (NANOAFNET), iThemba LABS-National Research FoundationSomerset WestSouth Africa
  4. 4.UNESCO-UNISA Africa Chair in Nanosciences/Nanotechnology, College of Graduate StudiesUniversity of South Africa (UNISA)PretoriaSouth Africa

Personalised recommendations