Electrochemical synthesis of polypyrrole nanowires on carbon nanotube-coated carbon fibers

Abstract

Carbon fibers and carbon nanotube-coated carbon fibers have been used as supports for the electrochemical growth of polypyrrole nanowires using a template-free electrochemical method. The final nanocomposites are characterized by SEM, micro-Raman spectroscopy, and their conductivity is assessed. The role of the electrolyte salts and synthetic conditions (applied potential) on the morphology is investigated. It is demonstrated that this method can be successfully implemented to design original carbon-polypyrrole nanocomposites although their electrical conductivity is below the one of unsized carbon fibers but above the one of the pristine-sized ones.

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Acknowledgments

Joseph Lautru (Institut d’Alembert, ENS Cachan) and Françoise Garnier (Ecole Centrale Paris) are both acknowledged for SEM experiments. Pascale Gemeiner (Ecole Centrale Paris) is acknowledged for MicroRaman experiments.

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Correspondence to Fabien Miomandre.

Supplementary information

Scheme of the CVD reactor for the synthesis of CNT on CF surface (Fig. S1), picture of the conductivity measurement set-up used in this paper (Fig. S2) and EDX spectrum for PPy nanowires synthesized on CF (Fig. S3) can be found in S.I.

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Miomandre, F., Saba, J., Wojcik, K. et al. Electrochemical synthesis of polypyrrole nanowires on carbon nanotube-coated carbon fibers. J Solid State Electrochem 19, 2691–2699 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10008-015-2988-3

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Keywords

  • Carbon Fiber
  • Final Nanocomposites
  • Electrolyte Salt
  • Fiber Mesh
  • Phosphoric Anhydride