Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry

, Volume 19, Issue 9, pp 2711–2722 | Cite as

Energy cycle based on a high specific energy aqueous flow battery and its potential use for fully electric vehicles and for direct solar-to-chemical energy conversion

  • Yuriy V. TolmachevEmail author
  • Andrii Piatkivskyi
  • Victor V. Ryzhov
  • Dmitry V. Konev
  • Mikhail A. Vorotyntsev
Feature Article


A flow battery employing H2 as the fuel and one or more of highly soluble halate salts (such as 50 % w/w LiBrO3 aq.) as the oxidant presents a viable opportunity as a power source for fully electric vehicles which meets the specific energy, specific power, energy efficiency, cost, safety, and refill time requirements. We further disclose a process of regeneration of the fuel and the oxidant from the discharged halide salt and water using electric (or solar) energy as the only input and generating no chemical waste. The cycle of discharge and regeneration takes advantage of pH-driven comproportionation and disproportionation reactions, respectively, and of pH manipulation using an orthogonal ion migration across laminar flow (OIMALF™) reactor.


Bromate Negative Electrode Rotate Disk Electrode Flow Batterie Redox Flow Batterie 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Y.V.T. expresses his gratitude to Mr. Brian Back of Ftorion, Inc., Dr. Lin-Feng Li of Bettergy Corp., Dr. Mohammad Enayetullah of Trenergi Corp., and Mr. Andrey A. Volkovoy of Volkovoy Group for providing partial financial, facilities, and equipment support during this work, as well as to North Shore InnoVentures startup incubator for their assistance with Ftorion’s business development. A special acknowledgement goes to Mr. Ashok Tankha for his passionate commitment to the protection of Ftorion’s intellectual property. A.P. and V.R. acknowledge support from Northern Illinois University.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ftorion, Inc.BostonUSA
  2. 2.Northern Illinois UniversityDeKalbUSA
  3. 3.Institute for Problems of Chemical PhysicsChernogolovkaRussia
  4. 4.Mendeleev University of Chemical Technology of RussiaMoscowRussia
  5. 5.Lomonosov Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  6. 6.ICMUB UMR 6302 CNRSUniversite de BourgogneDijonFrance

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