The differences in Nikolsky’s ion exchange theory and Baucke’s dissociation mechanism of the glass electrode are analyzed and evaluated.
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I give the equations here with the symbols used by Nikolsky, despite the fact that ψ is not the correct symbol for the Galvani potential difference.
Equation 5 is wrong in the original publication of Nikolsky as the denominator RT is missing. This error has been corrected by Nikolsky in: Acta Physicochimica U. R. S. S. (1937) vol. 7, No 4, 597–610.
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Scholz, F. Nikolsky’s ion exchange theory versus Baucke’s dissociation mechanism of the glass electrode. J Solid State Electrochem 15, 67–68 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10008-010-1163-0
- Potential Formation
- Glass Electrode
- SiOH Group
- Glass Solution
- Correct Symbol