Skip to main content
Log in

A two-step method combining electrodepositing and spin-coating for solar cell processing

  • Original Paper
  • Published:
Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

Electrochemistry provides a simple and promising method for preparing organic solar cells (OSCs). In this paper, we present a two-step solution-based method to prepare bilayer heterojunction OSCs by electrodepositing polythiophene (PTh) and then spin-coating chloroform solution of [6,6]-phenyl C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) onto the PTh layer. The influence of film thickness on performance of bilayer solar cells was investigated, and the best performance was achieved when the thickness of PTh and PCBM was 15 nm and 30 nm, respectively. The optimized solar cell showed power conversion efficiency of 0.1% under the illumination of AM 1.5 (100 mW cm−2) simulated solar light. This solution-based method offers a new way for processing bilayer OSCs.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  1. Tang CW (1986) Appl Phys Lett 48:183

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  2. Yu G, Gao J, Hummelen JC, Wudl F, Heeger AJ (1995) Science 270:1789

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  3. Peumans P, Uchida S, Forrest SR (2003) Nature 425:158

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. Gunes S, Neugebauer H, Sariciftci NS (2007) Chem Rev 107:1324

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Thompson BC, Frechet JMJ (2008) Angew Chem Int Ed 47:58

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  6. Ma W, Yang C, Gong X, Lee K, Heeger AJ (2005) Adv Funct Mater 15:1617

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  7. Peumans P, Bulović V, Forrest SR (2000) Appl Phys Lett 76:2650

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  8. Schroeder R, Majewski LA, Grell M, Maunoury J, Gautrot J, Hodge P, Turner M (2005) Appl Phys Lett 87:113501

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Pyo M, Bohn CC, Smela E, Reynolds JR, Brennan AB (2003) Chem Mater 15:916

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  10. Xue M, Zhang Y, Yang Y, Cao T (2008) Adv Mater 20:2145

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  11. Leguenza EL, Patyk RL, Mello RMQ, Micaroni L, Koehler M, Hümmelgen IA (2007) J Solid State Electrochem 11:577

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  12. Valaski R, Muchenski F, Mello RMQ, Micaroni L, Roman LS, Hümmelgen IA (2006) J Solid State Electrochem 10:24

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  13. Fan B, Wang P, Wang LD, Shi GQ (2006) Sol Energy Mater Sol Cells 90:3547

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  14. Ratcliff EL, Jenkins JL, Nebesny K, Armstrong NR (2008) Chem Mater 20:5796

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  15. Donley C, Dunphy D, Paine D, Carter C, Nebesny K, Lee P, Alloway D, Armstrong NR (2002) Langmuir 18:450

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  16. Zotti G, Schiavon G, Zecchin S (1998) Langmuir 14:1728

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  17. Fu M, Shi G, Chen F, Hong X (2002) Phys Chem Chem Phys 4:2685

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  18. Leclerc M, Diaz FM, Wegner G (1989) Macromol Chem Phys 190:3105

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  19. Yassar A, Roncali J, Garnier F (1989) Macromolecules 22:804

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  20. Skompska M, Szkurlat A (2001) Electrochim Acta 46:4007

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  21. Brumbach M, Veneman PA, Marrikar FS, Schulmeyer T, Simmonds A, Xia W, Lee P, Armstrong NR (2007) Langmuir 23:11089

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  22. Gunawardena GA, Hills G, Montenegro I, Scharifker B (1982) J Electroanal Chem 138:225

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  23. Kim JY, Kim SH, Lee HH, Lee KH, Ma WL, Gong X, Heeger AJ (2006) Adv Mater 18:572

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  24. Duren JKJ, Loos J, Morrisey F, Leewis CM, Kivits KPH, IJzendoorn LJ, Rispens MT, Hummelen JC, Janssen RAJ (2002) Adv Funct Mater 12:665

    Article  Google Scholar 

  25. Schroder DK (2006) Semiconductor Material and Device Characterization. John Wiley & Sons Inc, New Jersey

    Google Scholar 

  26. Valaski R, Roman LS, Micaroni L, Hümmelgen IA (2003) Eur Phys J E 12:507

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  27. Harris D, Dorsinville R, Mukai T (1997) Appl Phys Lett 70:1216

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgements

This project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No.20534040) and National Basic Research Program of China (No.2007CB936402). The authors thank Trent Johnson from West Virginia University for his help with the writing of this paper.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Junhu Zhang.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Yu, W., Xu, B., Dong, Q. et al. A two-step method combining electrodepositing and spin-coating for solar cell processing. J Solid State Electrochem 14, 1051–1056 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10008-009-0919-x

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Revised:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10008-009-0919-x

Keywords

Navigation