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Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry

, Volume 14, Issue 6, pp 1045–1050 | Cite as

TiO2 nanotube array film prepared by anodization as anode material for lithium ion batteries

  • Zhen Wei
  • Zheng Liu
  • Rongrong Jiang
  • Chaoqing Bian
  • Tao Huang
  • Aishui Yu
Original Paper

Abstract

TiO2 array film fabricated by potentiostatic anodization of titanium is characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and charge–discharge measurements. The XRD results indicated that the TiO2 array is amorphous, and after calcination at 500 °C, it has the anatase form. The pore size and wall thickness of TiO2 nanotube arrays synthesized at different anodization voltages are highly dependent on the applied voltage. The electrochemical performance of the prepared TiO2 nanotube array as an electrode material for lithium batteries was evaluated by galvanostatic charge–discharge measurement. The sample prepared at 20 V shows good cyclability but low discharge capacity of 180 mA h cm−3, while the sample prepared at 80 V has the highest discharge capacity of 340 mA h cm−3.

Keywords

TiO2 nanotube TiO2 array film Anodization Lithium ion intercalation 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work is financially supported by Science & Technology Commission of Shanghai Municipality (08DZ2270500) and National “973” Project (No. 2009CB220100).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhen Wei
    • 1
  • Zheng Liu
    • 1
  • Rongrong Jiang
    • 1
  • Chaoqing Bian
    • 1
  • Tao Huang
    • 1
  • Aishui Yu
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Molecular Catalysis and Innovative Materials, Institute of New EnergyFudan UniversityShanghaiChina

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