Preparation of polyaniline–tin dioxide composites and their application in methanol electro-oxidation

  • Haili Pang
  • Changting Huang
  • Jinhua Chen
  • Bo Liu
  • Yafei Kuang
  • Xiaohua Zhang
Original Paper

Abstract

Polyaniline–tin dioxide (PANI-SnO2) composites were prepared by chemical polymerization method, and characterized by scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction. Due to the good stability in diluted acidic solution, PANI-SnO2 composites were selected as the catalyst support and second catalyst for methanol electro-oxidation. The electrocatalytic properties of the PANI-SnO2 supported Pt catalyst (Pt/PANI-SnO2) for methanol oxidation have been investigated by cyclic voltammetry, chronoamperometry, and chronopotentiometry. Under the same loading mass of Pt, the Pt/PANI-SnO2 catalyst shows higher electrocatalytic activity towards methanol electro-oxidation than Pt/SnO2 catalyst.

Keywords

PANI-SnO2 composites Pt/PANI-SnO2 catalyst Electrocatalytic activity Methanol electro-oxidation Electrochemical properties 

References

  1. 1.
    Antolini E, Salgado JRC, Gonzalez ER (2005) J Electroanal Chem 580:145CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Lin YH, Cui XL, Yen C, Wai CM (2005) J Phys Chem B 109:14410CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Wang JS, Xi JY, Bai YX, Shen Y, Sun J, Chen LQ, Zhu WT, Qiu XP (2007) J Power Sources 102:172Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Paulus UA, Endruschat U, Feldmeyer GJ, Schmidt TJ, Bonnemann H, Behm RJ (2000) J Catal 195:383CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Jayaraman S, Jaramillo TF, Baeck S-H, McFarland EW (2005) J Phys Chem B 109:22958CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Shim J, Lee C, Lee H, Cairns EJ (2001) J Power Sources 102:172CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Campos CL, Roldán C, Aponte M, Ishikawa Y, Carbrera CR (2005) J Electroanal Chem 581:206CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Xu C, Shen PK (2004) Chem Commun 19:2238CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Villullas HM, Mattos-Costa FI, Bulhǒes LOS (2004) J Phys Chem B 108:12898CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Grass K, Lintz H-G (1997) J Catal 172:446CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Gangal ND, Gupta NM, Iyer RM (1990) J Catal 126:13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Matsui T, Fujiwara K, Okanishi T, Kikuchi R, Takeguchi T, Eguchi K (2006) J Power Sources 155:152Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kawabe T, Tabata K, Suzuki E, Nagasawa Y (2001) Surf Sci 482–485:183CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Santos AL, Profeti D, Olivi P (2005) Electrochim Acta 50:2615CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Dimov N, Kugino S, Yoshio M (2003) Electrochim Acta 48:1579CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Chen WX, Lee JY, Liu Z (2002) Electrochem Commun 4:260CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Poizot P, Laruelle S, Grugeon S, Dupont L, Tarascon JM (2000) Nature 407:496CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Lamy C, Leger J-M, Garnier F (1997) In: Nalwa HS (ed) Handbook of organic conductive molecules and polymer. Wiley, New York, p 471 3Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Rajendra Prasad K, Munichandraiah N (2002) J Power Sources 103:300CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Skothemin T, Elsenbaumer R (1998) Handbook of conductive polymers. Marcel Dekker, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Kim S, Park SJ (2008) Solid State Ion 178:1915Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Dutta K, De SK (2007) Mater Lett 61:4967CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Geng LN, Zhao YQ, Huang XL, Wang SR, Zhang SM, Wu SH (2007) Sens Actuators B 120:568CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Hu ZA, Xie LY, Wang YX, Mo LP, Yang YY, Zhang ZY (2009) Mater Chem Phys 114:990CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Pang HL, Lu JP, Chen JH, Huang CT, Liu B, Zhang XH (2009) Electrochim Acta 54:2610CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Xia HS, Wang Q (2002) Chem Mater 14:2158CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    He YJ (2005) Mater Chem 43:2892Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Geng LN, Zhao YQ, Huang XL, Wang SR, Zahng SM, Wu SH (2007) Sens Actuators B 120:568CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Pozio A, Francesco MD, Cemmi A, Cardellini F, Giorgi L (2002) J Power Sources 105:13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Li WS, Lu J, Du JH, Lu DS, Chen HY, Li H, Wu YM (2005) Electrochem Commun 7:406CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Xu C, Shen PK (2005) J Power Sources 142:27CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Haili Pang
    • 1
  • Changting Huang
    • 1
  • Jinhua Chen
    • 1
  • Bo Liu
    • 1
  • Yafei Kuang
    • 1
  • Xiaohua Zhang
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Chemo/Biosensing and Chemometrics, College of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringHunan UniversityChangshaPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations