A semantic architecture for preserving and interpreting the information contained in Irish historical vital records


Irish Record Linkage 1864–1913 is a multi-disciplinary project that started in 2014 aiming to create a platform for analyzing events captured in historical birth, marriage, and death records by applying semantic technologies for annotating, storing, and inferring information from the data contained in those records. This enables researchers to, among other things, investigate to what extent maternal and infant mortality rates were underreported. We report on the semantic architecture, provide motivation for the adoption of RDF and Linked Data principles, and elaborate on the ontology construction process that was influenced by both the requirements of the digital archivists and historians. Concerns of digital archivists include the preservation of the archival record and following best practices in preservation, cataloguing, and data protection. The historians in this project wish to discover certain patterns in those vital records. An important aspect of the semantic architecture is the clear separation of concerns that reflects those distinct requirements—the transcription and archival authenticity of the register pages and the interpretation of the transcribed data—that led to the creation of two distinct ontologies and knowledge bases. The advantage of this clear separation is the transcription of register pages resulted in a reusable data set fit for other research purposes. These transcriptions were enriched with metadata according to best practices in archiving for ingestion in suitable long-term digital preservation platforms.

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Correspondence to Christophe Debruyne.

Additional information

We are grateful to the Registrar General of Ireland for permitting us to use the rich digital content contained in the vital records for the purposes of this research project. This publication has emanated from research conducted within the Irish Record Linkage, 1864–1913 project supported by the RPG2013-3 Irish Research Council Interdisciplinary Research Project Grant. The Digital Repository of Ireland (formerly NAVR) gratefully acknowledges funding from the Irish HEA PRTLI programme. We also would like to thank Prof. Declan O’Sullivan from the ADAPT Centre at Trinity College Dublin and the anonymous reviewers for their valuable feedback. Christophe Debruyne is currently supported by the Science Foundation Ireland (Grant 13/RC/2106) as part of the ADAPT Centre for Digital Content Technology Platform Research at Trinity College Dublin.

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Debruyne, C., Beyan, O.D., Grant, R. et al. A semantic architecture for preserving and interpreting the information contained in Irish historical vital records. Int J Digit Libr 17, 159–174 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00799-016-0180-8

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  • Historical vital records
  • Cultural heritage
  • Linked data
  • Ontology engineering
  • Preservation