Personalisation and recommender systems in digital libraries

Abstract

Widespread use of the Internet has resulted in digital libraries that are increasingly used by diverse communities of users for diverse purposes and in which sharing and collaboration have become important social elements. As such libraries become commonplace, as their contents and services become more varied, and as their patrons become more experienced with computer technology, users will expect more sophisticated services from these libraries. A simple search function, normally an integral part of any digital library, increasingly leads to user frustration as user needs become more complex and as the volume of managed information increases. Proactive digital libraries, where the library evolves from being passive and untailored, are seen as offering great potential for addressing and overcoming these issues and include techniques such as personalisation and recommender systems. In this paper, following on from the DELOS/NSF Working Group on Personalisation and Recommender Systems for Digital Libraries, which met and reported during 2003, we present some background material on the scope of personalisation and recommender systems in digital libraries. We then outline the working group’s vision for the evolution of digital libraries and the role that personalisation and recommender systems will play, and we present a series of research challenges and specific recommendations and research priorities for the field.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. 1.

    Adaptive hypertext and hypermedia (2004) http://wwwis.win.tue.nl/ah/. Last visited 16 June 2004

  2. 2.

    Adar E, Kargar D, Stein LA (1999) Haystack: per-user information environments. In: Proceedings of the 8th international conference on information and knowledge management (CIKM), Kansas City, MO, pp 413–422

  3. 3.

    Almeida RB, Almeida VAF (2004) Reputation networks: a community-aware search engine. In: Proceedings of the 13th conference on the World Wide Web, New York, pp 413–421

  4. 4.

    Arms WY (2001) Uniform resource names: handles, PURLs and digital object identifiers. Commun ACM 44(5):68

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    Babaian T, Grosz BJ, Shieber SM (2002) A writer’s collaborative assistant. In: Proceedings of the 7th international conference on intelligent user interfaces

  6. 6.

    Baeza-Yates R, Ribeiro-Neto B (1999) Modern information retrieval. Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA

  7. 7.

    Belkin NJ, Cool C, Stin A, Thiel U (1995) Cases, scripts and information seeking strategies: On the design of interactive information retrieval systems. Expert Syst Appl 9(3):379–395

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    Brown PJ, Jones GFJ (2001) Context-aware retrieval: exploring a new environment for information retrieval and information filtering. Personal Ubiquitous Comput 5(4):253–263

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    Brown PJ, Jones GFJ (2002) Information access and retrieval: exploiting contextual change in context-aware retrieval. In: Proceedings of the ACM symposium on applied computing, Madrid, pp 650–656

  10. 10.

    Brusilovsky P (199) Methods and techniques of adaptive hypermedia. User Modell User-Adapt Interact 6:87–129

  11. 11.

    Brusilovsky P, Kobsa A, Vassileva J (2002) Adaptive hypertext and hypermedia. Kluwer, Dordrecht

  12. 12.

    Brusilovsky P, Maybury M (eds) (2002) From adaptive hypermedia to the adaptive web. Commun ACM 45(5):30–33

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    Bush V (1945) As we may think. Atlantic Monthly, July 1945, online version. http://www.theatlantic.com/unbound/flashbks/computer/bushf.htm. Last visited 4 Feb 2004

  14. 14.

    Callan J, Smeaton AF (eds) (2001) Proceedings of the 2nd DELOS network of excellence workshop on personalisation and recommender systems in digital libraries. ERCIM Workshop Proceedings – No. 01/W03. Dublin City University, Ireland, June 2001. http://www.ercim.org/publication/ws-proceedings/DelNoe02/

  15. 15.

    Camp LJ (2002) Emerging applications: DRM: doesn’t really mean digital copyright management. In: Proceedings of the 9th ACM conference on computer and communications security, pp 78–87

  16. 16.

    Christel M, Kanade T, Mauldin M, Reddy R, Sirbu M, Stevens S, Wactlar H (1995) Informedia digital video. Commun ACM 38(4):57–58

    Article  Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    Clement A (1993) Privacy considerations in CSCW: report on the CSCW’92 workshop. ACM SIGCHI Bull 25(4):34–39

  18. 18.

    Dix AJ, Finlay JE, Abowd GD, Beale R (1998) Human-computer interaction, 2nd edn. Prentice-Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ. (3rd edition available at http://www.hcibook.com/e3/)

  19. 19.

    DLI (1996) The DLI testbeds: today and tomorrow. D-Lib Mag. http://www.dlib.org/dlib/july96/07contents.html

  20. 20.

    Fenstermacher KD, Ginsburg M (2002) Mining client-side activity for personalization. In: Proceedings of the 4rth IEEE international workshop on advanced issues of e-commerce and Web-based information systems (WECWIS’02), Newport Beach, CA, p 205

  21. 21.

    Field A, Hartel P, Mooij W (2001) Personal DJ: an architecture for personalised content delivery. In: Proceedings of the 10th international conference on the World Wide Web, Hong Kong, pp 1–7

  22. 22.

    Gemmel J, Lueder R, Bell G (2003) The MyLifeBits lifetime store (demo description). In: ACM SIGMM 2003 workshop on experiential telepresence, Berkeley, CA

  23. 23.

    Han H, Giles CL, Manavoglu E, Zha H, Zhang Z, Fox EA (2003) Automatic document metadata extraction using support vector machines. In: Proceedings of the 3rd ACM/IEEE-CS joint conference on digital libraries, Houston, TX

  24. 24.

    Ho Ha S (2002) Helping online customers decide through web personalization. IEEE Intell Syst 17(6):34–43

    Article  Google Scholar 

  25. 25.

    Järvelin K, Wilson TD (2003) On conceptual models for information seeking and retrieval research. Inf Res 9(1). http://InformationR.net/ir/9-1/paper163.html

  26. 26.

    Konstan JA, Miller BN, Maltz D, Herlocker JL, Gordon LR, Riedl J (1997) GroupLens: applying collaborative filtering to Usenet news. Commun ACM 40(3):77–87

    Article  Google Scholar 

  27. 27.

    Kumar R, Raghavan P, Rajagopalan S, Tomkins A (1998) Recommendation systems: a probabilistic analysis. In: Proceedings of the 39th annual symposium on foundations of computer science, Palo Alto, CA, pp 664–673

  28. 28.

    Lam SK, Riedl J (2004) Shilling recommender systems for fun and profit. In: Proceedings of the 13th conference on the World Wide Web, New York, pp 393–402

  29. 29.

    LANL (2004) MyLibrary @LANL. http://lib-www.lanl.gov/lww/mylibweb.htm. Last visited 4 Feb 2004

  30. 30.

    Liu H, Maes P (2004) User modelling I: what would they think? A computational model of attitudes. In: Proceedings of the 9th international conference on intelligent user interfaces

  31. 31.

    Manber U, Patel A, Robison J (2000) Experience with personalization of Yahoo ! Commun ACM 43(8):35–39

    Google Scholar 

  32. 32.

    Marshall CC, Golovchinsky G, Price M (2001) Digital libraries and mobility. Commun ACM 44(5):55–56

    Article  Google Scholar 

  33. 33.

    McArthur D, Giersch S, Graves B, Ward C, Dillaman R, Herman R, Lugo G, Reeves J, Vetter R, Knox D, Owen S (2001) Towards a sharable digital library of reusable teaching resources. Commun ACM 44(5):79

    Article  Google Scholar 

  34. 34.

    McGrath R, Futrelle J, Plante R, Guillaume D (1999) Digital library technology for locating and accessing scientific data. In: Proceedings of the 4th ACM conference on digital libraries, Berkeley, CA, pp 188–194

  35. 35.

    Moen WE (2001) Mapping the interoperability landscape for networked information retrieval. In: Proceedings of the 1st ACM/IEEE-CS joint conference on digital libraries, Roanoke, VA, pp 50–51

  36. 36.

    Moriarty C, Kushmerick N, Smyth B (2001) Personalised intelligent tutoring for digital libraries. In [14]

  37. 37.

    MovieLens (2004) The MovieLens home page. http://movielens.umn.edu/. Last visited 4 Feb 2004

  38. 38.

    OCLC (2004) The Dublin core: a simple content description for electronic resources. http://dublincore.org/Model. Last visited 15 June 2004

  39. 39.

    Paepcke A, Chang C-C, Winograd T, Garcia-Molina H (2001) Interoperability for digital libraries worldwide. Commun ACM 41(4):33–42

    Article  Google Scholar 

  40. 40.

    Ramakrishnan N (2000) PIPE: Web personalization by partial evaluation. IEEE Internet Comput 4(6):21–31

    Article  Google Scholar 

  41. 41.

    Ramakrishnan N, Keller BJ, Mirza BJ, Grama AY, Karypis G (2001) Privacy risks in recommender systems. IEEE Internet Comput 5(6):54–62

    Article  Google Scholar 

  42. 42.

    Rossi G, Schwabe D, Danculovic J, Miaton L (2001) Patterns for personalized web applications. In: Rüping A, Eckstein J, Schwanninger C (eds) Proceedings of EuroPlop-01

  43. 43.

    Rous B (2001) The ACM digital library. Commun ACM 44(5):90–91

    Article  Google Scholar 

  44. 44.

    Ruthven I, Lalmas M, van Rijsbergen CJ (2002) Combining and selecting characteristics of information use. J Am Soc Inf Sci Technol 53(5):378–396

    Article  Google Scholar 

  45. 45.

    Samuelson P (2003) Digital rights management and fair use by design: DRM { and, or, vs.} the law. Commun ACM 46(4):41–45

    Article  Google Scholar 

  46. 46.

    Samuelson P, Glushko RJ (1991) Intellectual property rights for digital library and hypertext publishing systems: an analysis of Xanadu. In: Proceedings of the 3rd annual ACM conference on hypertext

  47. 47.

    Sarwar B, Karypis G, Konstan J, Reidl J (2000) Analysis of recommendation algorithms for eCommerce. In: Proceedings of ACM’00 conference on electronic commerce, pp 158–167

  48. 48.

    Savolainen R, Kari J (2003) Toward a contextual model of information seeking on the web. New Rev Inf Behav Res 4:155–175

    Google Scholar 

  49. 49.

    Smeaton AF, Callan J (2001) Workshop reports: joint DELOS-NSF workshop on personalisation and recommender systems in digital libraries. ACM SIGIR Forum http://www.acm.org/sigir/forum/S2001-TOC.html

  50. 50.

    Smeaton AF, Murphy N, O’Connor NE, Marlow S, Lee H, McDonald K, Browne P, Ye J (2001) The Físchlár digital video system: a digital library of broadcast TV programmes. In: Proceedings of the 1st ACM/IEEE-CS joint conference on digital libraries, Roanoke, VA

  51. 51.

    Smith TR, Frew J (1995) Alexandria Digital Library. Commun ACM 38(4):61–62

    Google Scholar 

  52. 52.

    Stanford University (2004) Stanford annotated interoperability bibliography. http://www-diglib.stanford.edu/diglib/pub/interopbib.html. Last visited 14 June 2004

  53. 53.

    Stanford University (2004) Digital library resources. http://www-diglib-stanford.edu/diglib/pub/Resources.shtml. Last visited 17 June 2004

  54. 54.

    Stevens S, Christel M, Wactlar H (1994) Informedia: improving access to digital video. Interactions 1(4):67–71

    Article  Google Scholar 

  55. 55.

    Torres R, McNee S, Abel M, Kinstan J, Riedl J (2004) Collaboration and group work: enhancing digital libraries with TechLens+. In: Proceedings of the 2004 joint ACM/IEEE-CS conference on digital libraries

  56. 56.

    University of California, Berkeley (2004) Information privacy in ubiquitous computing – background readings. http://guir.berkeley.edu/groups/privacy/readings.html. Last updated 1 April 2004

  57. 57.

    Various (2001) Special issue on the theme digital libraries. Commun ACM 44(5)

  58. 58.

    Vertegaal R (ed) (1997) Readings in CSCW. Centre of Telematics and Information Technology (CTIT), Twente University, Enschede, The Netherlands

  59. 59.

    W3C (2004) Metadata activity statement. http://www.w3.org/Metadata/Activity.html. Last visited 15 June 2004

  60. 60.

    Weiser M (1993) Ubiquitous computing. IEEE Comput 26(10):71

    Article  Google Scholar 

  61. 61.

    Wilson TD (1999) Models in information behaviour research. J Document 55(3):249–270

    Article  Google Scholar 

  62. 62.

    Yahoo, Inc (2004) The My Yahoo ! home page. http://my.yahoo.com/?myHome. Last visited 4 Feb 2004

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Alan F. Smeaton.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Smeaton, A., Callan, J. Personalisation and recommender systems in digital libraries. Int J Digit Libr 5, 299–308 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00799-004-0100-1

Download citation

Keywords

  • Digital libraries
  • User interaction
  • Personalisation
  • Recommender systems