, Volume 8, Issue 4, pp 309–316 | Cite as

Anaerobic, alkaliphilic, saccharolytic bacterium Alkalibacter saccharofermentans gen. nov., sp. nov. from a soda lake in the Transbaikal region of Russia

  • Elena S. GarnovaEmail author
  • Tatjana N. Zhilina
  • Tatjana P. Tourova
  • Nadezhda A. Kostrikina
  • Georgy A. Zavarzin
Original Paper


Three strains of new obligately anaerobic alkaliphilic bacteria have been isolated as a saccharolytic component from the cellulolytic community of alkaline Lake Nizhnee Beloe (Transbaikal region, Russia), a lake with low salt concentration. DNA analysis of these strains showed an interspecies level of DNA similarity of 96–100%. Strain Z-79820 was selected for further investigations. Cells were Gram-positive, asporogenous, nonmotile short rods with pointed ends. The strain was a true alkaliphile: growth occurred from pH 7.2 to 10.2 with the optimum at pH 9.0. Strain Z-79820 was halotolerant and could grow in medium with up to 10% (w/v) NaCl, with the optimum between 0 and 4% NaCl. The new isolate obligately depended on Na+ ions in the form of carbonates or chlorides. Total Na+ content needed for optimal growth was 0.46 M Na+, with a wide range from 0.023–0.9 M Na+ at which growth also occurred. The isolate was a mesophile and grew at temperatures from 6 to 50°C (slow growth at 6 and 15°C) with an optimum at 35°C. The organotrophic organism fermented ribose, xylose, glucose, mannose, fructose, sucrose, mannitol, and peptone. The products of glucose fermentation were acetate, ethanol, formate, H2, and CO2. Yeast extract was required for some anabolic needs. The DNA G+C content of the type strain Z-79820 was 42.1 mol%. The new bacterium fell into the 16S rRNA gene cluster XV of the Gram-positive bacteria with low G+C content, where it formed an individual branch. Based on its growth characteristics and genotype traits, we propose the new genus and species named Alkalibacter saccharofermentans with the type strain Z-79820 (=DSM14828), Uniqem-218 (Institute Microbiology, RAS;


16S rRNA Alkaliphile Anaerobe Saccharolytic bacterium Soda lakes 



This work was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (projects nos. 02-04-48286, 02-04-48112, and 03-04-06859) and the Program MCB RAS. Unknown reviewers and Prof. Grant are thanked for the criticism and improvement of the manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elena S. Garnova
    • 1
    Email author
  • Tatjana N. Zhilina
    • 1
  • Tatjana P. Tourova
    • 1
  • Nadezhda A. Kostrikina
    • 1
  • Georgy A. Zavarzin
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Relict Microbial Communities, Institute of MicrobiologyRussian Academy of Science (RAS)MoscowRussia

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