Child and adolescent psychiatry training and services in the Middle East region: a current status assessment

  • Carolyn E. ClausenEmail author
  • Khalid Bazaid
  • Muhammad Waqar Azeem
  • Fathelaliem Abdelrahim
  • Ahmed A. Abd Elgawad
  • Bibi Alamiri
  • Ahmed Malalla AlAnsari
  • Ali Alhamzawi
  • Ahmad Mohammed Al Mai
  • Aisha Motwakil Bakhiet
  • Mahmoud Bashtawi
  • Füsun Çuhadaroğlu
  • Mazen Hedar
  • Mohammad Holdar
  • Samah Jabr
  • Ather Sajjad Jafri
  • Amjad Jumaian
  • Suaad Moussa
  • Abdelgadir Hussein Osman
  • Katayoon Razjouyan
  • Eyad Yanes
  • Anthony Guerrero
  • Norbert Skokauskas
  • Consortium on Academic Child, Adolescent Psychiatry in the Middle East (CACAP ME)
Original Contribution


Mental health is a key component of health, yet appropriate care is limited. Evidence concerning child and adolescent mental health has predominantly come from western countries, while the Middle East region, with a large youth population, has reported very little on it. This original, cross-sectional study of child and adolescent psychiatry in the Middle East provides an assessment of current postgraduate programs, services and what is needed to build workforce capacity. Academic psychiatrists from 16 Middle East countries were invited to form a Consortium to map current postgraduate training as one of the determinants of available child and adolescent psychiatry services, identify gaps in the distribution of child and adolescent psychiatrists, and propose potential steps to improve access to child and adolescent mental health care. The study collected data from 15 of the 16 countries invited (no data provided from Yemen). The study revealed underdeveloped child and adolescent psychiatry academic systems throughout the region. Despite recognition of the specialty in a majority of the countries (11/15), only six countries had established a designated child and adolescent psychiatry training program. The overall shortage of child and adolescent mental health specialists varied, yet all Consortium members reported a need for additional child and adolescent psychiatry specialists and allied professionals. Lack of child and adolescent psychiatry specialized programs in place throughout the region has evidently contributed to the shortage of qualified child and adolescent mental health workforce in the Middle East.


Child and adolescent psychiatry (CAP) Postgraduate training Middle East (ME) Child and adolescent mental health 



We would like to thank all Consortium members who contributed to the collection of data and sharing of information for the successful completion of this study and advancement made towards the evidence-based knowledge surrounding child and adolescent psychiatry. A special thank you and acknowledgment to Dr. John Fayyad for his endless contributions to the field; his dedication and invaluable insight will be missed.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

No ethical approval was required for the information-gathering in this study, as it did not involve the collection of personal information or biological material, but the organization of generally publicly-available information that was known to the representative professionals as Consortium members.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carolyn E. Clausen
    • 1
    Email author
  • Khalid Bazaid
    • 2
  • Muhammad Waqar Azeem
    • 3
  • Fathelaliem Abdelrahim
    • 4
  • Ahmed A. Abd Elgawad
    • 5
  • Bibi Alamiri
    • 6
  • Ahmed Malalla AlAnsari
    • 7
  • Ali Alhamzawi
    • 8
  • Ahmad Mohammed Al Mai
    • 9
  • Aisha Motwakil Bakhiet
    • 10
  • Mahmoud Bashtawi
    • 11
  • Füsun Çuhadaroğlu
    • 12
  • Mazen Hedar
    • 13
  • Mohammad Holdar
    • 14
  • Samah Jabr
    • 15
  • Ather Sajjad Jafri
    • 16
  • Amjad Jumaian
    • 17
  • Suaad Moussa
    • 18
  • Abdelgadir Hussein Osman
    • 4
  • Katayoon Razjouyan
    • 19
  • Eyad Yanes
    • 13
  • Anthony Guerrero
    • 20
  • Norbert Skokauskas
    • 1
  • Consortium on Academic Child, Adolescent Psychiatry in the Middle East (CACAP ME)
  1. 1.Norwegian University of Science and TechnologyTrondheimNorway
  2. 2.Royal Ottawa Mental Health CentreUniversity of OttawaOttawaCanada
  3. 3.Sidra Medicine /Weill Cornell MedicineDohaQatar
  4. 4.University of Medical Sciences and Technology, KhartoumKhartoumSudan
  5. 5.Institute of Psychiatry, Faculty of MedicineAin Shams UniversityCairoEgypt
  6. 6.Alamanra Kuwait Center for Mental HealthKuwait CityKuwait
  7. 7.College of Medicine and Medical SciencesArabian Gulf UniversityManamaKingdom of Bahrain
  8. 8.College of MedicineAl-Qadisiyah UniversityAl-DiwaniyaIraq
  9. 9.Sheikh Khalifa Medical CityAbu DhabiUnited Arab Emirates
  10. 10.University of KhartoumKhartoumSudan
  11. 11.Jordan University of Science and Technology, King Abdullah University HospitalIrbidJordan
  12. 12.Faculty of MedicineHacettepe UniversityAnkaraTurkey
  13. 13.World Health OrganizationDamascusSyria
  14. 14.College of MedicineImam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal UniversityKhobarSaudi Arabia
  15. 15.Mental Health UnitMinistry of HealthRamallahPalestine
  16. 16.Sultan Qaboos University HospitalMuscatSultanate of Oman
  17. 17.The Royal Medical Services of Jordan, King Hussein Medical CityAmmanJordan
  18. 18.Kasr Al Ainy Faculty of MedicineCairo UniversityCairoEgypt
  19. 19.Shahid Beheshti University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  20. 20.University of Hawai’i John A. Burns School of MedicineHonoluluUSA

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